I. IN the beginning was the Word; and the Word was

2 with God; and the Word was God. He was in the beginning

3 with God. By him all things were made, and without him

4 there was not made one single thing. What was in him was

5 life, and this life was the light of men, and this light shineth in the darkness, and the darkness did not reach it.*

6 There was a man sent from God: his name was John. This

7 man came as a witness to bear witness concerning this light, that

8 by means of him all might believe. He was not the light, but was

9 to bear witness concerning the light. The light (the true light

10 which enlighteneth every man) coming into the world was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world

11 knew him not. He came to his own peculiar territories, and

12 his own peculiar people did not receive him. But to as many as received him he granted the privilege of becoming children of God, even to them who believe in his name, who were

13 born, not of bloods, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.

14 Now the Word became incarnate,! and dwelt as in a tent among us, and we beheld his glory—a glory as of an only be-

* Or overtake.—See chapter 12. 35. \ Literally flcxh, VOL. IV. X

15 gotten from the father. He was full of grace and truth. Of him John testifieth when he cried, saying, "This is he of whom I said, He who is coming after me is preferred before me, for

16 he was before me." And of his fulness we have all received

17 even grace for grace.* Because the law was given by Moses grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.

18 No one hath ever seen God. This only begotten son, who is in the bosom of the father, even he haUi made him known.

19 Now this is the testimony of John : when the Jews of Jerusa-

20 lem sent priests and Levites to ask him, Who art thou ? He frankly declared and did not deny, but frankly declared, I am

21 not the Christ. Then they asked him, What then? Art thou Elias? And he said, I am not: art thou the prophet ?t And

22 he answered, No. Then they said to him, Who art thou ? That we may give an answer to them who sent us : What

23 sayest thou of thyself? He said, I am " The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Make straight the/way of the Lord,"

24 as the prophet Esaias said. J Now they who were sent were of

25 the Pharisees. Then they asked him and said to him, Why then dost thou baptize, if thou art not the Christ, nor Elias,

26 nor the prophet ? John answered them saying, I baptize in water ; but there is one in the midst of you, whom you know

27 not. He is the person who is coming after me—who is preferred to me, the latchet of whose sandal I am not worthy to

28 untie. These things passed at Bethabara on the bank of the Jordan, where John was baptizing.

29 The next day John seeth Jesus coming towards him, and

30 saith, Behold the lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world ! this is he of whom I said, After me cometh a man

31 who hath been before me ; for he existed before me. As for me, I did not know him; but to the end that he might be made manifest to Israel—for this purpose I came baptizing

32 in water. Moreover John testified saying, I beheld the Spirit descending like a dove from heaven, and it remained upon

33 him. Now for my part I did not know him; but he who sent

* Or one favour instead of another, viz. the gospel instead of the law. f Deut. 18. 15. $ Es. 40. 3.

me to baptize in water, even he said to me, On whomsoever thou shalt see the spirit descending and remaining on him,

34 the same is he who baptizeth in a holy spirit. Now I have Seen and testified that this is The Son Of Gon.

35 Again, on the next day, John was standing with two of his

36 disciples, and having fixed his eyes intently on Jesus as he

37 was walking, he saith, Behold the lamb of God ! and the two

38 disciples heard him speaking, and followed Jesus. When Jesus turned and saw them following him, he saith to them,

39 What seek ye ? And they said to him, Rabbi, (the meaning of which, when interpreted, is Teacher) where dost thou make

40 thine abode? He saith to them, Come and see. They went and saw where he made his abode, and staid with him that day ; for it was about the tenth hour.* Andrew, the brother of Simon Peter, was one of the two who heard John and

41 followed Jesus. He first findeth his brother Simon, and saith to him, We have found the Messias, (the meaning of which

42 is the Christ) [the anointed] and brought him to Jesus. And Jesus, having looked earnestly on him, said, Thou art Simon the son of Jonas. Thou shalt be called Cephas (the meaning of which is the same as that of Peter) [a rock.]

43 On the day following Jesus determined to set out for Galilee, and finding Philip, he saith to him, Come with me.

44 Now Philip was of Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter.

45 Philip finding Nathaniel, saith to him, We have found him of whom Moses in the law, and the prophets have written, Jesus

46 of Nazareth, the son of Joseph. Upon which Nathaniel saith

47 to him, Of Nazareth can there be any thing good ! Philip saith to him, Come and see. Jesus saw Nathaniel coming to him and saith respecting him, Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom

48 there is no guile ! Nathaniel saith to him, Whence knowcst thou me ? Jesus in reply said to him, Before Philip called

19 thee, when thou wast under the fig tree, I saw thee. In answer to this, Nathaniel said to him, Rabbi, thou art the son of God.

30 Thou art the king of Israel. Jesus answered and said to him, Because I told thee, I saw thee under the fig tree, dost thou

* That is four o'clock in the afternoon.

51 believe? Thou shalt see greater things than these. Then he saith to him, Verily, verily I say to you, Hereafter you shall see the heaven opened, and the angels of God ascending and descending on the son of man.

II. Now on the third day there was a wedding at Cana of Ga-

2 lilee, and the mother of Jesus was there; and Jesus and his dis-

3 ciples were invited to the wedding. And the wine having fall-

4 en short, the mother of Jesus saith to him, They have no

5 wine. Jesus saith to her, Woman, what hast thou to do with me? My hour is not yet come. His mother saith to the waiters,

6 Do whatever he shall bid you. Now there were six water pots of stone, containing two or three measures* apiece, placed there

7 for the Jewish rites of purifying. Jesus saith to the waiters,

8 Fill those water pots with water. And when they had filled them to the brim, then he saith to them, Draw out now and

9 carry some to the master of the feast. And when they had carried, and the master of the feast had tasted the water which was made wine (now he did not know whence it was, but the waiters who had drawn off the water knew) the master of

10 the feast calleth the bridegroom, and saith to him, Every man serveth up the good wine first, and when the guests have drunk plentifully, then that which is worse.Thou hast kept the

11 good wine till now. This at Cana, in Galilee, Jesus made the beginning of his miracles and manifested his glory, and his disciples believed on him.

12 After this, he and his mother, and his brethren, and his disciples went down to Capernaum, but they did not stay

13 there many days. For the passover of the Jews was nigh, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem and found in the temple them who sold cattle, and sheep, and doves, and the changers of

15 money seated; and having made a whip of bulrushes, he drove them all out of the temple, with the sheep and cattle, and poured out the money of the changers, and overturned their tables,

16 and said to them who sold doves, Take these things hence. Make not the house of my father a house of merchandize. 17 Then did his disciples remember that it was written, " My

*Supposed to be baths, each containing about seven and a half gallons.

18 zeal for thy house hath consumed me.*" Hereupon the Jews addressed him, and said, What sign dost thou shew us to jus-

19 tify thy doing these things? In reply to which Jesus said to them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it

20 up. Thereupon the Jews said, This temple was forty six years

21 a building, and wilt thou raise it up in three days? But he

22 spake of the temple of his body: therefore, when he was risen from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this to them; and they believed the scriptures, and the word which Jesus had spoken.

23 Now while he was in Jerusalem at the passover, during the festival, many believed in his name when they smv the

24 miracles which he did. But Jesus did not trust himself to

25 them, because he knew all men. And because he had no need that any one should testify of man, for he himself knew what

III. was in man; there being a man of the sect of the Phari-

2 sees, named Nicodemus, a ruler .of the Jews; when this man came to Jesus by night, and said to him, Rabbi, We know that thou art a teacher come from God; for no one can do the mi-

3 racles which thou dost, unless God be with him, Jesus answered and said to him, Verily, verily I say to thee, unless a

4 man be bom again, he cannot disceni the reign of God. Ni. cpdemus saith to him, How can a man be born, when he is old? Can he enter a second time into his mother's womb and

5 be born? Jesus answered, Verily, verily I say to thee, unless a man be born of water and spirit, he cannot enter the king-

6 dom of God. That which is born of the flesh, is flesh; and that

7 which is born of the spirit, is spirit. Wonder not at my tell-

8 ing thee, You must be born again. That blast of windf bloweth where it pleaseth, and thou hearest the sound of it, but dost not know whence it cometh and whither it goeth.

9 So is every one who is bom of the spirit. Nicodemus answer-

10 ed, and- said to him, How can these things be? In reply to

11 which, Jesus said to him, Art thou the teacher of Israel, and knowest not these things? Verily, verily I say to thee, We

*Ps. 69.9. fReferring, I presume, to a sudden blast at that instant. speak what we know, and testify what we have seen; yet you

12 do not receive our testimony. If I have told you earthly things and you do not believe; how will you believe if I tell

13 you heavenly things? No one indeed hath ascended up into heaven, but he who came down from heaven, namely, the son of man who is in heaven. But as Moses lifted up the serpent

14 in the wilderness, so must the son of man be lifted up, that

15 whosoever believeth in him may not perish; but have ever-

16 lasting life. For God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten son, that whosoever believeth in him may not perish,

17 but have everlasting life. For God did not send his son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world may be

18 saved by him. He who believeth in him will not be condemned; but he who believeth not, is condemned already; because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten son of

19 God. And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness more than light, because their

20 works were evil. For whosoever doeth evil hateth the light, and doth not come to the light, that his deeds may not be de-

21 tected. But he who practiseth truth cometh to the light, that his works may be open to view, because they are the operations of God.*"

22 After this, Jesus went with his disciples into the country of Judea, and spent some time with them there, and baptized.

23 And John also was baptizing at Enon, near Saleim, because

24 there was much water there, and people used to come there and be baptized; for John was not yet thrown into prison.

25 There was therefore a dispute between some of the disciples of John, and the Jews, respecting purification, and they went

26 to John, and said to him, Rabbi, he who was with thee on the bank of the Jordan, to whom thou didst bear testimony, be-

27 hold he is baptizing, and all are flocking to him. In reply to which, John said, A man can receive nothing from heaven,

28 unless it be given him. You yourselves are witnesses for me, that I said, I am not the Christ; but that I am sent before him.

29 He is the bridegroom, who hath the bride. But the friend of

*Or wrought by the agency of God. See Phil. 2. 12.

the bridegroom, who standeth and heareth him, rejoiceth ex-

30 ceedingly on the account of the bridegroom's voice. This joy of mine therefore, is complete. He must increase, but \ must

31 decrease. The one coming from above, is above all. He who is of the earth is earthly, and speaketh of the earth. The

32 one coming from heaven is above all, and what he hath seen and heard, that he testifieth, yet none receiveth his testimony.

33 He who hath received his testimony, hath set his seal to this,

34 That God is true. For he whom God hath sent, speaketh the words of God; for God giveth him not the spirit by measure.

35 The father loveth the son, and hath given all things into his

36 hand. He who believeth in the son, hath an everlasting life; but he who disbelieveth the son, shall not see life; but the wrath of God will abide on him.

IV. When the Lord, therefore, knew that the Pharisees had

2 heard that Jesus is making and baptizing more disciples than

3 John, (though it was not indeed Jesus himself, but his disciples who baptized) he left Judeaand went again into Galilee :

4 and as he must needs pass through Samaria, therefore he

5 cometh to a city of Samaria, called Sichar, near the piece of

6 ground which Jacob gave to his son Joseph. Now Jacob's well was there. And as Jesus, wearied as he was with the

7 journey, was sitting by the well, (it was about the sixth hour*)

8 a woman of Samaria came out to draw water. Jesus saith to her, Give me to drink; (for his disciples were gone to the city

9 to buy food;) thereupon the woman of Samaria saith to him, How is it that thou, being a Jew, askest drink of me, who am a woman of Samaria? (For the Jews have no friendly in-

10 tercourse with the Samaritans.) Jesus answered and said to her, If thou hadst known the bounty of God, and who it is who saith to thee, Give me to drink, thou wouldst have asked

11 of him, and he would have given thee living water. The woman saith to him, Sir, thou hast nothing to draw with, and the

12 well is deep; whence then hast thou this living water? Art thou greater than our father Jacob, who gave us this well, and

13 drank thereof, himself, and his children, and his cattle? In reply to which, Jesus said to her, every one who drinketh of

*T\vclve o'clock at-noon.

14 this water will thirst again; but whosoever shall drink of the water which I will give him, will never thirst. But the water

15 which I will give him, will be in him a fountain of water springing up for an everlasting life. The woman saith to him, O, sir, give me that water, that I may not thirst, nor come

16 hither to draw. Jesus saith to her, Go, call thy husband and

17 come hither. The woman in reply said, I have no husband.

18 Jesus saith to her, Thou art right in saying, I have no husband : for thou hast had five husbands; and he whom thou

19 now hast, is not thy husband. In this thou hast spoken truth. The woman saith to him, Sir, I perceive that thou art a pro-

20 phet. Our fathers have usually worshipped on this mountain; but you say, that at Jerusalem is the place where worship

21 ought to be performed. Jesus saith to her, Woman, believe me, the hour is coming when you will worship the Father,

22 neither on this mountain, nor at Jerusalem. You worship what you do not know. We worship what we do know: for

23 salvation is of the Jews. But the hour is coming—indeed is now come, when the true worshippers will worship the Father in spirit and truth. For such worshippers of him the

24 Father seekcth. God is Spirit; and they who worship him

25 ought to worship him in spirit and truth. The woman saith to him, I know that the Messias (he who is called the Christ)

26 is coming. When he is come he will tell us all things. Jesus

27 saith to her, I who am speaking to thee am he. (Now at that instant his disciples came and wondered at his talking with

28 the woman, yet none of them said, What seekest thou? Or why talkest. thou with her?) Thereupon the woman left her

29 pitcher, and went to the city, and saith to the men, Come, see a man who told me all that I ever did. Is this the Christ ?

30 Therefore they of the city set out and were coming to him.

31 Now in the mean while his disciples entreated him, saying,

32 Rabbi, eat. But he said to them; I have meat to eat which you

33 do not know. His disciples therefore said to one another,

34 Hath any one brought him food? Jesus saith to them, It is my food to do the will of him who sent me, and to finish his

35 work. Do you not say, Yet four months, and the harvest comcth. Behold I say to you, Lift up your eyes and view the

36 fields; for they are already white for harvest. And he who reapeth receiveth wages, and gathereth fruit for an everlasting life, that he who sovveth, and he who reapeth, may rejoice

57 together. For herein is that saying verified, that one soweth,

38 and another reapeth. I have sent you to reap that on which you bestowed no labour. Others have laboured and you have entered on their labours.

39 Now many of the Samaritans of that city believed in him, on the testimony of the woman who said, He told me all that I ever

40 did. Therefore, when these Samaritans came, they intreated

41 him to tarry with them. So he stayed there two days. And many

42 more believed, because of what he himself spake, and they said to the woman, It is not now on account of thy talk that we believe; for we ourselves have heard and we know that he is indeed the Saviour of the world, the Christ.

43 Now after the two days he departed thence, and went to

44 Galilee,* [but not directly to Nazareth] for Jesus himself had testified that a prophet is not honoured in his native place.

45 Therefore when he came to Galilee, the Galileans received him, having seen all that he had done at Jerusalem, during the

46 festival. For they also went up to the festival. Jesus therefore went again to Cana of Galilee, where he had made the water wine. And there was a certain officer of the king, whose son

47 was sick at Capernaum. This person, upon hearing that Jesus was come from Judea to Galilee, went to him and intreat-

48 ed him to go down and cure his son; for he was at the point of death. Jesus therefore said to him, Unless you see signs and wonders, can you not believe? The officer saith to him, Sir,

49 Come down before my child die. Jesus saith to him, Go home:

50 thy son liveth. And the man believed the word which Jesus spake to him, and went away. And as he was going down, his

51 servants met him and told him, saying, Thy son liveth.

52 Whereupon he inquired of them at what hour he began to mend. And they told him, that yesterday, at seven o'clock, the

* Something seems to be wanting. From what follows, it appears that the words "but not directly to Nazareth," have been omitted in transcribing; I have, therefore, inserted them in brackets, vol. IV. T

53 fever left him. So the father knew that it was the very time when Jesus said to him, Thy son liveth, and he and his whole

54 family believed. This second miracle Jesus performed on his second coming* from Judea to Galilee.

V. After this there was a festival of the Jews, and Jesus went

2 up to Jerusalem. Now there is in Jerusalem at the sheep gate, a pool, which is called in Hebrew Bethesda, having five por-

3 ticos, in which lay a great multitude of infirm persons, blind, lame, and withered, waiting for the moving of the water. For from time to time an angel came down into the pool and moved

4 the water. He therefore, who went in first after this movement

5 of the water, was cured of whatever disease he had. Now there was a certain man there who had been in his infirmity thirty eight

6 years. Jesus seeinghim lying there, and knowing that he had been in that condition now a long time, saith to him, Hast thou a de-

7 sire to be healed? The infirm man answered him, Sir, I have no one to put me in the pool when the water is moved. And

8 while I am going another steppeth down before me. Jesus

9 saith to him, Rise; take up thy couch and walk about. Upon which the man was instantly well, and took up his couch and walked about.

10 No\v there was a sabbath on that day; therefore the Jews said to him who was cured, It is a sabbath: It is not lawful for

11 thee to carry the couch. He answered them, He who made

12 me well, even he said to me, Take up thy couch and walk about. Thereupon they asked him, Who is the man who said to thee, take up thy couch and walk about? But he who was

13 cured did not know who it was; for as there was a crowd in the

14 place, Jesus had glided away. After this Jesus findeth him in the temple, and said to him, Behold thou art made well. Sin no more, lest something worse befal thee. The man went

15 and told die Jews that it was Jesus who had cured him. And

16 for this cause the Jews persecuted Jesus and sought to kill him,

17 because he did these things on a sabbath. Thereupon Jesus answered them, My Father worketh even now, and I also work.

18 For this therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him, because he not only broke the sabbath, but called God peculiar-

19 ly his father, likening himself to God. Upon which Jesus ad-

* Literally, when he again came.


dressed them, and said, Verily, verily I say to you, The son can of himself do nothing, unless indeed he see the Fadier doing it; for whatever things He doth, these the Son doth like-

20 wise. For the Father loveth the Son, and sheweth him all that he himself doth. And he will shew him greater works than these, that you may wonder. For as the Father raiseth the

21 dead and restoreth to life, so the Son restoreth to life, whom he

22 pleaseth. For the Father judgeth no one, but hath committed the whole act of judging to his Son, that all may honour the

23 Son, as they honour the Father. He who honoureth not the

24 Son, doth not honour the Father, who sent him. Verily, verily I say to you, He who heareth my word, and believeth on him who sent me, hath an everlasting life, and doth not incur condemnation, but hath passed from death to that life. Verily,

25 verily I say to you, a time is coming, nay is now come, when the dead will hearken to the voice of the son of God, and they

26 who hearken shall live. For as the Father hath life in himself, so he hath granted to the son to have life also in himself, and

27 hath also given him authority to execute judgment, because

28 he is a son of man. Wonder not at this; for a time is coming

29 when all that are in the graves shall hearken to his voice, and come forth; they who have done good, to a resurrection of life, and they who have done evil, to a resurrection of condemna-

30 tion. I can do nothing of myself. As 1 hear, I judge. And my judgment is just; for I do not seek mine own will, but the will of the Father who sent me.

31 "If I testify of myself my testimony is not true.'*"

32 There is another who testifieth concerning me; and I know

33 that the testimony which he giveth concerning me is true.

34 You sent to John, and he gave a testimony to the truth. But as for me, I do not receive human testimony, but mention

35 this that you may be saved. He was the lighted and shining- lamp ; and for a while you were disposed to exult with joy

36 at his light. But I have a greater testimony than John's. For the works which my father hath given me to perform—these very works, which I do, testify concerning me, that the father

* These I take to be repetitions of objections made by some of the audience, to which our Lord makes the following replies.

37 hath sent me. Indeed the father who hath sent me hath himself given a testimony concerning me.

38 "You have neither heard his voice at any time, nor seen a visible appearance of him /"

Indeed you have not his word abiding in you, because you do not believe him whom he hath sent.

39 " You search the scriptures because you think you have by means of them everlasting life! "

40 Now these are the very writings which testify concern-

41 ing me ; yet you will not come to me that you may have life.

42 I do not receive glory from men. But I know you that you

43 have not the love of God in you. I have come in my father's name and you do not receive me; if another come in his own

44 name, him you will receive. How can you believe while you court honour one from another, and do not seek the glory

45 which is from God alone ? Do not imagine that I will accuse you to the father. There is one who is your accuser, namely,

46 Moses, in whom you have trusted. For if you had believed Moses, you would believe me; for he hath written concerning me. Now if you have not believed his writings, how will you believe my words ? After these things Jesus went away.

VI. On the coast of the sea, that of Galilee, that of Tiberias,

2 he was also followed by a great multitude, because they saw

3 the miracles which he performed on the diseased. And Jesus

4 went up to the mountain, and sat down there with his disciples. Now the passover, the festival of the Jews, was nigh.

5 Jesus therefore lifting up his eyes, and seeing a great multitude coming to him, saith to Philip, Whence can we buy

6 bread to feed these people. Now this he said to try him, for

7 he himself knew what he was going to do. Philip answered him, Two hundred deniars would not purchase bread enough

8 for every one of them to take a morsel. One of his disciples, namely Andrew, the brother of Simon Peter, saith to him,

9 There is a lad here who hath five barley loaves, and two small 10 fishes ; but what are they among so many ? Then Jesus said,

Cause the men to arrange themselves on the ground. Now there was much grass in the place. The men therefore, to the number of about five thousand, arranged themselves on the

11 ground. Then Jesus took the loaves and having given thanks, distributed to the disciples ; and the disciples distributed to them who were on the ground; and in like manner of the

12 fishes, as much as they chose. And when they were satisfied, he saith to his disciples, Gather up the fragments which re-'

13 main, that'nothing may be lost. So they gathered, and with the fragments, which the people after eating had left of the

14 £ve barley loaves, they filled twelve panniers. When these men saw the miracle which Jesus had done, they said, This is certainly the prophet*—He who is coming into the world.

15 Jesus therefore knowing that they were about to come and take him by force to make him king, withdrew again to the moun-

16 tain himself alone. And as the evening was coming on, his

17 disciples went down to the sea, and having gone on board the vessel, they coasted along towards Capernaum. Darkness had now come on and Jesus had not come to them, and the sea

18 ran high by reason of the wind, which blew hard. So when

19 they had rowed about twenty five or thirty furlongs, they saw Jesus walking on the sea, and approaching the vessel; and

20 they were terrified. Whereupon he said to them, It is I; be

21 not afraid. They wished therefore to take him into the vessel; and immediately the vessel was at the land to which they were going.

22 On the day following the people who continued on the sea side, having seen that there -was no vessel there besides that one in which his disciples had embarked, and that Jesus did not go on board the vessel with his disciples, but that his dis-

23 ciples had gone away alone.—Other vessels however came

24 from Tiberias, nigh to the place where they had eaten bread after the Lord gave thanks—when the people therefore saw that neither Jesus nor his disciples were there, they went on board these vessels and came to Capernaum, seeking Jesus;

25 and having found him on that coast of the sea, they said to hinv

26 Rabbi, when didst thou come hither. Jesus in reply said to them, Verily, verily I say to you, You seek me; not because you have seen miracles; but because you have eaten of the

*Deut. 18. 15.

27 loaves and were satisfied. Labour not to procure the food which perisheth, but the food which endureth for an everlasting life, which the son of man will give you; for him the Fa-

28 ther, namely God, hath sealed. Thereupon they said to hhn, What must we do that we may work the works of God? Je-

29 sus answered and said to them, This is the work of God that

30 you believe in him whom he hath sent. Then they said to him, What miracle dost thou perform that we may see and believe

31 in thee? What workest thou? Our fathers ate manna in the

32 wilderness, as it is written, "He gave them bread from heaven to eat." Upon this Jesus said to them, Verily, verily I say to you, Moses did not give you the bread from heaven; but my Father giveth you the true bread of heaven : for the bread

33 of God is that which cometh down from heaven and giveth life

34 to the world. Thereupon they said to him, Master, give us

35 evermore that bread. Then Jesus said to them, I am the bread of that life. He who cometh to me, shall never hunger; and he

36 who believeth in me, shall never thirst. But I have told you

37 that though you have seen me, you do not believe. All that the Father giveth me, will come to me. And him who com-

38 eth to me I will not reject. For I am come down from heaven

39 not to do mine own will, but the will of him who sent me. And this is the will of the Father, who sent me that of all which he hath given me, I should lose nothing, but raise it up at the last

40 day. And this is the will of him who sent me, that every one who seeth the son, and believeth in him, may have an everlast-

41 ing life, and that I raise him up at the last day. The Jews then murmured at him, because he said, I am the bread which came

42 down from heaven, and they said, Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How then doth he

43 say, I came down from heaven? Therefore Jesus answered and

44 said to them, Murmur not among yourselves. No one can come to me, unless the Father, who hath sent me, draw him. And as

45 for me, I will raise him up at the last day. It is written in the prophets, They shall be all taught of God.* Every one therefore who hath heard and learned from the Father, cometh to

. t

* Es. J4. 13. see also Es. 28, 2, 5. Jer. 31. 34. Mich. 4,1,4. * See verse 25.

-46 me. Not that any one hath seen the Father, save he only who is from God. He hath seen the Father.

47 Verily, verily, I say to you, He swho believeth in me, hath

48 an everlasting life. I am the bread of that life. Your fathers ate

49 the manna in the wilderness, and died. Such is the bread which

50 cometh down from heaven, that whoever shall eat of it shall

51 not die. I am that living bread which came down from heaven. If any one eat of this bread he shall live forever. Now the bread which I will give is this flesh of mine, which I will give for the life of the world.

52 Upon this the Jews debated among themselves, saying,

53 How can this man give us his flesh to eat! Therefore Jesus said to them, Verily, verily, I say to you, Unless you eat the flesh of the son of man, and drink his blood, you have no life

54 in you. He who eateth my flesh and drinketh my blood, hath an everlasting life, and I will raise him up at the last day. For

55 this flesh of mine is food indeed; and this blood of mine is in-

56 deed drink. He who eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood,

57 abideth in me and I in him. As the living Father hath sent

58 me, and I live by the Father; so he. who eateth me, even he will live by me. This is the bread which is come down from heaven. Not as your fathers ate the manna and died. He who eateth this bread shall live forever.

59 These things he said in a public assembly,* as he was teach-

60 ing at Capernaum. Many of his disciples, therefore, when they heard them, said, This is harsh doctrine, who can hearken to

61 it? Thereupon Jesus knowing in himself that/his disciples were murmuring at this, he said to them, Doth this offend

62 you? What if you see the son of man ascending up where

63 he was before. It is the spirit which giveth life, the flesh pro- fiteth nothing. The words which I speak to you are spirit,

64 they are life. But there are some of you who do not believe; (for Jesus knew from the beginning who they are who do not believe, and who it is that will deliver him up) and (said he) for

65 this cause I said to you, that none can come to me unless it be given him by my Father.

66 From this time many of his disciples withdrew and walked

67 no more with him, therefore Jesus said to the twelve, Have

68 you also a mind to go away? Whereupon Simon Peter answered him, Master, to whom shall we go? Thou hast the words of an everlasting life, and we believe and know that thou art

69 the Christ, the Son of the living God. Jesus answered them,

70 Have I not chosen you twelve? Yet one of you is a spy. Now

71 he spake of Judas Iscariot, son of Simon; for he thought of delivering him up though he was one of the twelve.

VII. After this Jesus travelled about in Galilee, for he did

2 not chuse to walk in Judea, because the Jews sought to kill him. Now the Jews' festival of tabernacles was near, there-

3 fore his brethren said to him, Depart hence and go to Judea that thy disciples may see the works which thou dost. For 110

4 one who seeketh to be known publicly, doth any thing in secret. Since thou dost these things, shew thyself to the world.

5 (For even his brethren did not believe in him.) Thereupon Je-

6 sus saith to them, My time is not yet come; but your time is

7 always ready. The world cannot hate you: but it hateth me, because I testify concerning it that its works are evil. Go ye

8 up to this festival. I am not yet going up to this festival, be-

9 cause my time is not yet fully come. And having said this,

10 he continued in Galilee. But when his brethren were gone up, then he also went up to the festival, not publicly, but in a pri-

11 vate manner. The Jews therefore sought him at the festival,

12 and said, Where is he? And there was much private dispute concerning him, among the people; for some said he is a good

13 man; and others said, No; but he seduceth the people. No one, however, spoke openly of him, for fear of the Jews. But about

14 the middle of the festival Jesus went up to the temple and

15 taught. And the Jews expressed astonishment, saying, How came this man acquainted with letters, having never had an

16 education? Jesus addressing them, said, This doctrine of mine

17 is not mine, but his, who sent me. If any man is disposed to do his will, he will know in respect to this doctrine, whether

18 it is of God, or whether I speak from myself. He who speak - eth from himself, seeketh his own glory; but he who seeketh the glory of him who sent him, is true, and in him there is no

19 falsehood. Did not Moses give you the law? Yet none of you


20 observeth the law. Why do you seek to kill me? The people answered and said, Thou art possessed by a demon; Who seeketh to kill thee? In reply to which Jesus said to them,

21 I did one work and you all express wonder at it. Moses

22 gave you the law of circumcision (not that it is from Mo- «es, but from the patriarchs,) and you circumcise a man on a

23 sabbath. If a person receiveth circumcision on a sabbath, that the law of Moses may not be broken, are you angry with me because on a sabbath I cured a man whose whole body was

24 diseased. Judge not according to appearance, but judge righteous judgment.

25 v Upon this -some of the inhabitants of Jerusalem said, Is

26 not this he whom they seek to kill? Yet behold he speaketh

27 boldly, and they say nothing to him. Perhaps the rulers know indeed that he is really the Christ! But we know whence this man is; but as for the Christ, when he cometh, no one know-

28 eth whence he is. Hereupon, Jesus, as he was teaching in the temple, cried and said, Do you indeed both know me, and know whence I am? I have not come of myself. But he who

29 hath sent me is true, Him you do not know; but I know him, because I am immediately from him, and he sent me.

30 Upon this they sought to seize him, but no one laid

31 his hand on him, because his hour was not yet come. Many of the people, however, believed-<» him and said, Will the Christ, when he cometh, do greater miracles than those which this

32 man hath done? The Pharisees heard of the people's whispering such things concerning him; and the Pharisees and the

33 chief priests sent officers to apprehend him. Jesus therefore

34 said to them, Yet a little while I am with you. When I go away to him who sent me, you will seek me but will not find

35 me; and where I am you cannot come. Upon this the Jews said among themselves, Whither is he going, that we shall not find him? Is he going to the dispersed among the Greeks, to

36 teach the Greets? What is the meaning of this saying of his, " You will seek me and will not find me, and where I am going you cannot come?" It being now the last—the great day of

37 the festival, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any one thirst, let

38 him come to me and drink. He who believeth Oh me; as the scripture hath said, Out of his belly will flow streams of living

Vol. iv. z

39 water.* Now this he said in reference to the spirit which they who believed en him were to receive; for a holy spirit was not

40 yet received, because Jesus was not yet glorified. Hereupon many of the people, when they heard this saying, said, This is

41 certainly the prophet, f Others said, This is the Christ. But

42 others said', Doth the Christ come out of Galilee? Hath not the scripture said that the Christ cometh of the seed of David

43 and from Bethlehem, the town whence David was? So there

44 was a division among the people on his account. And some of them had a mind to seize him, but no one laid hands on him. The officers therefore went to the chief priests and the Phari-

45 sees, who said to them, Why have you not brought him? The of-

46 ficers replied, Never did a man speak like this man. Thereupon

47 the Pharisees answered them, Are you also seduced? Hath any

48 of the chief priests believed in him, or any of the Pharisees? But

49 this multitude, which know not the law, are accursed. Nicode-

50 mus, he who came to Jesus by night, and who was one of them,

51 said to them, Doth our law condemn the man without hear-

52 ing him, and knowing what he hath done? In reply to which, they said to him, Art thou also of Galilee? Search and see that a prophet of Galilee hath not been raised up. .

VIII. Then every one went to his own home. As for Jesus, he

2 went to the mount of olives, and early in the morning he came

3, again to the temple, and all the people came to him. And when

he had taken a seat, and was teaching them, the Scribes and

the Pharisees bring to him a woman caught in adultery; and,

4 having set her in the midst, they say to him, Teacher, this

5 woman was caught in the very act of adultery. Now Moses in

6 the law hath commanded us that such be stoned. What therefore .dost thou say? This they said to try him, that they might

7 have matter for accusing him. Thereupon Jesus stooped down and wrote with his finger on the ground. And as they continued asking him, he raised himself up, and said to them, Let him among you who is without sin throw the first stone at

8 her. Then he stooped down again and wrote on the ground.

9 But they who heard, being convicted by their own conscience.

* See Esaias 58.11. Joel 2. 28. f See Deut. 18. 15.

went out, one by one, the eldest first, even to the last, and Jesus was left alone, and the woman standing in the midst.

10 When Jesus raised himself up, and saw none but the woman, he said to her, Woman, where are thine accusers? Hath no

11 one passed sentence on thee? And she said, No one, Sir. Then Jesus said to her, Neither do I pass sentence on thee. Go and sin no more.

12 Then Jesus spake to them again, saying, I am the light of the world. He who followeth me will not walk in darkness, but

13 shall have the light of life. Hereupon the Pharisees said to him, Thou testifiest concerning thyself. This testimony of

14 thine is not to be regarded. Jesus answered and said to them, Though I testify concerning myself, my testimony is to be regarded, because I know whence I came, and whither I am going. But as for you, you do not know whence I come, nor

15 whither I am going. You judge according to the flesh, I judge

16 no one. Yet if I judge, my judgment is true, because I am

17 not alone, but I and the Father who sent me. Now it is writ-

18 ten in your law, that the testimony of two men is true. I am one testifying concerning myself, and the Father who sent

19 me testifieth concerning me. Thereupon they said, Where is thy Father? Jesus replied, You neither know me nor my Father. If you had known me, you would have known my Father also.

20 These things Jesus spake in the treasury, as he was teaching in the temple; yet no one laid hands on him. Because his hour

21 was not yet come; therefore Jesus said to them again, 1 am. going away, and you will seek me and die in your sins. Whi-

22 ther I go you cannot come. Upon this, the Jews said, Will he kill himself, that he saith, Whither I go you cannot come?

23 Then he said to them, You are from below; 1 am from above.

24 You are of this world; 1 am not of this world; therefore I said to you, You will die in your sins: for if you do not be-

25 lieve that I am, you will die in your sins. Upon this they said to him, Who art thou? And Jesus said to them, 1 am

26 what I told you at the beginning, and am now telling you. I have many things to speak and to judge respecting you. He indeed who sent me is true, and I speak to the world what f have heard from him.

27 They did not know that he was speaking to them of the

28 Father; therefore Jesus said to them, When you have lifted up the son of man, then you will know who I am; and that I

29 do nothing of myself; but speak these things as my Father taught me. He indeed who sent me is with me. The Father hath not left me alone, because I do always the things which are pleasing to him.

30 While he was thus speaking many believed in him, tfrere-

31 fore to* the Jews who believed in him Jesus said, If you con-

32 tinue steadily in this doctrine of mine, you are my disciples

33 indeed; and you will know the truth, and the truth will make you free. Some answered him, We are the seed of Abraham, and have never been in bondage to any one : how then dost

34 thou say, Ye shall be made free. To them Jesus replied, Verily, verily, I say to you, Whosoever committeth sin is the

35 slave of sin. Now the slave abideth not in the family forever;

36 but the son abideth forever. If therefore the son shall make

37 you free, you will be free indeed. I know that you are Abraham's seed; but you seek to kill me, because my word con.

38 tinueth not in you. What I have seen with my Father, I speak;

39 and what you have seen with your father you do. They answered and said to him, Abraham is our father. Jesus saithto

40 them, If ye were the children of Abraham, you would do the works of Abraham. But now you seek to kill me, a man who

41 told you the truth which I heard from God. Abraham did not do this. You do the works of your father. Hereupon they said to him, We were not born of fornication; we have one father,

42 namely, God. Then Jesus said to them, If God were your father, you would love me; for I proceed and do come from

43 God. For I have not come of myself, but he sent me. Why do ye nol understand what I say? It is because you cannot bear

44 this doctrine of mine. You are of your father the devil, and bent upon executing the desires of your father. He was a man- 'slayer from the beginning, and did .not abide in the truth. Be- cause there is no truth in him, when he speaketh falsehood he speaketh what is. natural to him, for he is a liar, and the father 45 of it.* But as for me, because I speak the truth, you do not

46 believe me. Which of you convicteth me of sin? Now, if I

47 speak truth, why do you not believe me? He who is of God doth, for this cause, hear the words of God: you do not

48 hearken, because you are not of God. Thereupon the Jews answered, and said to him, Are we not right in saying, Thou

49 art a Samaritan, and possessed by a demon? Jesus replied, I am not possessed by a demon, but I honour my Father, and you

50 dishonour me. As for me, I seek not mine own glory. There

51 is one who seeketh [it] and judgeth. Verily, verily, I say to you, If any one will keep this doctrine of mine, he shall never

52 see death. Thereupon the Jews said to him, Now we know that thou art possessed by a demon. Abraham is dead—and

53 the prophets; yet thou sayest, Ifeny one keep this doctrine of mine, he shall never taste death. Art thou greater than our

54 father Abraham who died? The prophets also died. Whom <$ost thou make thyself? Jesus answered, If I glorify myself, this glory of mine is nothing. It is the Father who glorifieth me,

55 of whom you say that he is your God. Now you do not know him, but I know him; and if I should say, I do not know him,

56 I would speak falsely like you. But I know him and keep his , word. Your father Abraham was transported with a desire to

57 see this day of mine, and he saw it, and was made glad. Upon this the Jews said to him, Thou art not yet fifty years old, and

58 hast thou seen Abraham? Jesus said to them, Verily, verily, I say to you, Before Abraham was, I am. Upon this they took up stones to throw at him. But Jesus concealed himself and went out of the temple, passing through the midst of them, and thus withdrew.

IX. And as he was passing along he saw a man who was blind

2 from his birth, whereupon his disciples asked him, saying, Rabbi, who sinned—this man, or his parents, that he should

3 be born blind ? Jesus answered, It was neither for any sin of this man, nor of his parents : but that the works of God may

*Viz. Of lying, the antecedent being comprehended in the word Kar which preceded,- an idiom of the Greek language, common among the most correct authors.

4 be manifested in him ; I must work the works of him who sent me, while it is day. Night is coming, when no one can

5 work. While I am in the world, I am the light of the world.

6 Having said this he spat on the ground, and made some clay with the spittle, and spread the clay on the blind man's eyes,

7 and said to him, Go, wash them at the pool of Siloam (the

8 meaning, of which is Sent.J So he went and washed them and returned seeing. Thereupon the neighbours, and they who had seen him before, when he was blind, said, Is not this he

9 who used to sit begging? Some said, It is he: and others

10 said it is like him. He said, I am [the man.] Then they said

11 to him, How were thine eyes opened? In reply to which he said, A man called Jesus made clay and anointed mine eyes, and said to me, Go to the pool of Siloam and wash them. So

12 I went and washed them and got sight. Then they said to him, Where is he ? He saith, I do not know.

13 They brought to the Pharisees him who was formerly blind. Now it was a sabbath when Jesus made the clay and

14 opened his eyes. Therefore the Pharisees asked him again,

15 how he got sight. And he said to them, He put clay on mine

16 eyes, and I washed them and see. Thereupon some of the Pharisees said; That man is not from God, because he doth not keep the sabbath. Others said, How can a sinful man do

17 such miracles ? So there was a dissention among them. They say to the blind man again, What sayest thou of him for

18 opening thine eyes? He said, He is a prophet. The Jews therefore did not believe in respect to him, that he had been blind

19 and got sight, until they called the parents of him who had obtained sight, and asked them saying, Is this your son who

20 you say was born blind ? Hew then doth he now see ? In answer to which his parents said, We know that this is our son,

21 and that he was born blind. But how he now seeth, we do not know: nor do we know who hath opened his eyes. He is of age; ask him; let him speak for himself.

22 This his parents said, because they were afraid of the Jews; for the Jews had now agreed that if any one acknowledged

23 Jesus to be the Christ, -he should be excommunicated. For

24 this cause his parents said, He is of ag-e ; ask him. Then they called a second time the man who had been blind, and said to him, Give glory to God. We know that this man is a

25 sinner. Upon this he answered and said, If he be a sinner, I

26 know not. One thing I know, that I was blind, and now I see. Then they said to him again, What did he do to thee ? How

27 did he open thine eyes ? He answered them, I have told you already. Did you not hear ? Why do you desire to hear it

28 again ? Have you indeed a mind to be his disciples ? Upon this they reviled him and said, Thou art a disciple of his; but

29 as for us, we are disciples of Moses. We know that God spake to Moses; but as for this man, we know not whence he is.

30 In reply to this the man said to them, Why; in this there is something marvellous, that you do not know whence he is,

31 though he hath opened mine eyes. Now we know that God hearkeneth not to sinners; but if any one be a worshipper of

32 God, and do his will, to him he hearkeneth. From the beginning of the world it was never heard that any one opened the

33 eyes of one born blind. If this man were not from God he

34 could do nothing. They answered and said to him, Thou wast altogether born in sin, and dost thou teach us ? And they excommunicated him.

35 Jesus heard that they had excommunicated him; and having met with him he said to him, Dost thou believe in the

36 son of God ? He answered and said, Who is he, Sir, that I

37 may believe in him. Jesus said to him, Thou indeed seest

38 him, and it is he who is talking with thee. Whereupon he said, Lord, I believe, and worshipped him.

39 Then Jesus said, I am come into this world for judgment

40 that they who do not see may see, and that they who see may become blind; and some of the Pharisees who were

41 with him, when they heard this, said, Are we blind ? Jesus said to them, If you were blind, you would not have had

X. sin ; but now you say, We see ; therefore your sin re- maineth. Verily, verily, I say to you, He who entereth not by the door into the fold of the sheep, but climbeth over

2 some other way, is a thief and a robber: but he who goeth in

3 by the door is the shepherd of the sheep. To him the doorkeeper ppeneth and the sheep hearken to his voice; and he

4 calleth his own sheep by name, and leadeth them out. And when he hath brought out his own sheep, he goeth before them and his sheep follow him because they know his voice.

5 They will not follow a stranger, but will flee from him, because they do not know the voice of strangers.

6 This parable Jesus spake to them, but they did not com-

7 prehend the meaning of what he said to them, therefore Je-

8 sus said to them again, Verily, verily I say to you, I am the door of the sheep. All that have come in my stead, are thieves

9 and robbers: but the sheep did not hearken to them. I am the door. If any enter in by me, it shall be safe, and shall go

10 in and out, and find pasture. The thief cometh only to steal and to kill and to destroy. I am come that the sheep may have

11 life and that they may have it superabundantly. I am the good

12 shepherd. The good shepherd exposeth his life for the sheep. But the hireling, who is not the shepherd, and to whom the sheep do not belong, when he seeth the wolf coming leaveth the sheep and fleeth; and the wolf seizeth some and scattereth

13 the sheep. The hireling fleeth because he is a hireling and

14 careth not for the sheep. I am the good shepherd and I know mine own sheep, and am known by them who are mine,

15 even as the father knoweth me, and I know the father; and

16 I lay down my life for the sheep. Now I have other sheep which are not of this fold. These also I must kad; they will hearken to my voice, and there shall be one flock and

17 one shepherd. On this account the father loveth me, be-

18 cause I lay down my life so that I may take it again. No one " forceth it from me ; but I lay it down of myself. I have power

to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commission I have received from my father.

19 Upon this there was another division among the Jews, on

20 account of these sayings. And many of them said, He is pos-

21 sessed by a demon, and is mad, Why do you. hearken to him? Others said, These are not the words of a demoniac. Can a demon open the eyes of the blind ?

22 When they were celebrating the dedication festival at Je-

23 rusalem, and it was stormy weather; and Jesus was walking

24 in the temple in Solomon's portico; the Jews again came around him, and said to him, How long dost thou keep us in

25 suspense ? If thou art the Christ, tell us plainly: Jesus answered them, I told you but you do not believe. The works which I do in my father's name—these testify concerning

26 me. But you do not believe, for you are not of my sheep.

27 My sheep, as I told you, hearken to my voice and I know them, and they follow me : and I give them everlasting life ;

28 and they shall never perish, nor shall any one wrest them out

29 of my hand. My father who gave them to me, is greater than

30 all, and none is able to wrest them out of my father's hand.

31 I and my father are one. Hereupon the Jews again took up

32 stones to stone him. Jesus addressed them, I have shewn you S3 many good works from my father, for which of those works

would you stone me "? The Jews answered him saying, For a good work we are not about to stone thee, but for blasphemy, even because thou, being a man, makest thyself God.

34 Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law " I said

35 you are Gods.*" If it stileth them gods to whom the word of God was addressed, (now the scripture cannot be set aside)

36 do you say of me, whom the father hath consecrated and sent

37 into the world, "Thou blasphemest," because I said, I am the son of God ? If I do not the works of my father, believe me

38 not. But if I do; though you do not believe me, believe the works ; that you may know and believe that the father is in

39 me, and I in him. Upon this they again sought to seize him.

40 But he withdrew out of their hands, and went again to the bank of the Jordan; to the place where John baptized at first,

41 and abode there. And many resorted to him and said, John indeed wrought no miracle ; but all that John said respecting

42 this man is true. And many there believed in him.

XI. Now one Lazarus, an inhabitant of Bethany, the town of

2 Mary and her sister Martha, was sick. It was this Mary who anointed the Lord with balsam, after wiping his feet with her

3 hair, whose brother Lazarus was sick. The sisters, therefore

4 sent to Jesus,f saying, Sir, He whom thou lovest is sick. Upon hearing this, Jesus said, This sickness is not unto death, hut for the glory of God, that by it the son of God may be glo-

5 rified. Therefore though Jesus loved Martha and her sister,

6 and Lazarus, yet when he heard that he was, sick, he theu

* Ps. 82. 6 f Jesus, text, him.

Vol. iv. A a

7 stayed two days in the place where he was. And after that he

8 saith to his disciples, Let us go again to Judea. The disciples say to him, Rabbi, very lately the Jews sought to stone thee,

9 and art thou going thither again ? Jesus answered, Are there not twelve hours in the day? If any one walketh in the day he

10 stumbleth not, because he seeth the light of this world : but

11 if any one walk in the night he stumbleth because there is no light in him.* Thus he spake, and after that he saith to them, Our friend Lazarus is composed to rest; but I am going to

12 wake him. Thereupon his disciples said, Master, if he is

13 composed to rest, he will recover. Now Jesus spoke of his

14 death; but they thought that he spoke of taking rest in sleep. Therefore Jesus then told them plainly, Lazarus is dead. And

15 on your account—that you may believe, I am glad that I was

16 not there. But let us go to him. Upon this Thomas, who is

17 called Didymus, said to his fellow disciples, Let us also go that we may die with him. So when Jesus came, he found that he had now been four days in the tomb.

18 Now Bethany was near Jerusalem, about fifteen furlongs

19 off. And many of the Jews had come to Martha and Mary, to

20 comfort them on the death of their brother. Therefore soon as Martha heard that Jesus is coming she went out to meet him;

21 but Mary remained in the house. Martha therefore said to Je-

22 sus, Master, if thou hadst been here my brother would not

23 have died; but still I know that whatever thou wilt ask of God, God will grant thee. Jesus saith to her, Thy brother

24 shall rise again. Martha said to him, I know that he will rise

25 again at the resurrection, at the last day. Jesus said to her, I am the resurrection and the life; he who believeth in me,

26 though he may die, shall live. And none who liveth and be-

27 lieveth in me shall ever die. Believest thou this? She saith to him, Yes, Lord, I believe that thou art the Christ, the

28 Son of God, the one coming into the world. And having said this, she went and called her sister Mary privately, saying,

29 The teacher is come and calleth for thee. As soon as she heard, she riseth instantly and goeth to him.


*Lrterally no light in it, (viz. in the world.)

30 Now Jesus had not yet entered the village, but was at the

31 place where Martha met him. When the Jews therefore who were in the house, and comforting her, saw that Mary arose hastily and went out, they followed her, saying, She is going

32 to the tomb to weep there. When Mary then was come to the place where Jesus was, upon seeing him she fell at his feet, saying to him, Lord, if thou hadst been here my brother

33 would not have died. Therefore when Jesus saw her weeping, and the Jews also weeping who came with her, he re-

34 strained his spirit, and was troubled, and said, Where have you laid him? They say to him, Master, Come and see.. Jesus

35 wept. Upon this the Jews said, Behold! how he loved him!

36 And some of them said, Could not this man who opened the

37 eyes of the blind have prevented his death? Then Jesus, again

38 restraining himself, cometh to the tomb. Now it was a cave

39 and a stone lay upon it. Jesus saith, Remove the stone. Martha, the sister of him who was dead, saith to him, Master, by

40 this time the smell is offensive; for this is the fourth day. Jesus saith to her, Did I not tell thee, if thou wouldst believe

41 thou shouldst see the glory of God? Then they removed the stone from where the deceased lay. And Jesus lifted up his eyes and said, Father, I thank thee that thou hast heard me.

42 Now 1 know that thou hearest me always; but I have said this for the sake of the people standing around, that they may

43 believe that thou hast sent me. And having said this, he cried

44 with a loud voice, Lazarus, Come forth. Whereupon he who had been dead came forth, bound hand and foot with grave-

45 clothes, and his face was wrapped in a napkin. Jesus saith to them, Loose him and let him gp. Upon this many of the Jews who had come to Mary, when they saw what Jesus had done,

46 believed in him. But some of them went to the Pharisees and

47 told them what Jesus had done. Whereupon the chief priests and the Pharisees assembled the Sanhedrim, and said, What

48 are we doing? Because this man doth many miracles, if we let him go on thus, all will believe in him, and the Romans will

49 come and destroy both this place and this nation of ours. And one of them, namely, Caiaphas, being chief priest that year,

50 said to them, Are you totally ignorant, and do you not consider that it is better for us that one man die for the people

51 than that the whole nation should perish. Now this he said not merely of himself, but being high priest that year, he pro-

52 phcsied that Jesus was soon to die for that nation, and not for that nation only, but that he might gather into one body the

53 children of God who were scattered abroad. From that day therefore they consulted together that they might put him to

54 death. For this reason Jesus walked no more publicly among the Jews, but went thence to the country near the wilderness, to a city called Ephraim, and continued therewith his disciples.

55 Now the passover of the Jews was near, and many came

56 up to Jerusalem from the country, before the passover, to purify themselves. They therefore sought Jesus, and said to one another as they were standing in the temple, What think ye?

57 Will he not come to this festival? Now the chief priests and the Pharisees had issued an .order, that if any one knew where he is, he should give information, that they might apprehend

XII. him. Jesus therefore, six days before the passover, went to Bethany were Lazarus was, who had been dead, and

2 whom he had raised from the dead. And a supper was made for him there; and Martha waited, and Lazarus was one of

3 them who were at table with him. Mary then having taken a pound of the balsam of spikenard, unadulterated, very costly, anointed the feet of Jesus when she had wiped his feet with

4 her hair. And the house was filled with the odour of the balsam. Upon which one of the disciples, namely Judas Iscariot, son of Simon, who was about to deliver him up, said, Why

5 was not this balsam sold for three hundred deniars, and given

6 to the poor"? Now this he said, not because he cared for the poor, but because he was a thief and had the purse and carri-

7 ed off what was put into it. Therefore Jesus said, Let her

8 alone. She hath kept this for the day of preparing my body for burial, for you have the poor always with you; but me you

9 have not always. *

Now a great number of the Jews knew that he was there, and

10 h:id come, not on the account of Jesus only; but to see Lazarus, whom he had raised from the dead; the chief priests therefore

11 determined to put Lazarus also to death, because on his account many of the Jews withdrew and believed in Jesus. On

12 the next day a great multitude who had come to the festival,

13 hearing that Jestis is coming to Jerusalem, took branches of palm trees and went out to meet him, and cried, Hosanna ! Blessed he, who is coming in the name of the Lord! The king

14 of Israel! Now Jesus having found a young ass, was riding thereon, agreeably to what is written, "Fear not, daughter,of Si-

15 on! behold thy king cometh mounted on an ass'srcolt.*" These

16 things his disciples did not understand at the time; but when Jesus was glorified, then they remembered that these things were written concerning him; and that they had done them for

17 him. Now because the multitude who were with him testified that he had called Lazarus from the tomb, and raised him,

18 from the dead; and on this account the multitude met him, because they heard that he had done this miracle, therefore

19 the Pharisees said among themselves, You see that you gain no advantage. Behold the world is gone after him.

20 Now among them who came up to worship at the festival,

21 there were some Greeks. These therefore came to Philip, who was of Bethsaida of Galilee, and asked him, saying, Sir,

22 We wish to see Jesus. Philip cometh and telleth Andrew.

23 And Andrew and Philip tell Jesus. Whereupon Jesus answer-

24 ed them, saying, The hour is come that the Son of man should be glorified. Verily, verily I say to you, If the grain of wheat which falleth on the ground dieth not, it remaineth a single

25 grain. But if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit. He who loveth his life, will lose it: but he who slighteth his life in this world, shall keep it for an everlasting life. II' any one would

26 wait upon me, let him follow me; and where I am, there shall this attendant of mine also be. And if any one wait upon me

27 my Father will reward him. Now is my soul troubled. What then? Shall I say, Father save me from this hour? But for this

28 cause I came to this hour. Father, glorify thy name. Thereupon a voice came from heaven, "I have glorified it, and I

29 will glorify it again." The multitude therefore who were stand-

30 ing by, when they heard it, said, it thundered. Others said, An angel hath spoken to him, Jesus answered and said, This

31 voice hath not come for my sake, but for yours. Now is the

/itch. 9. 9.


32 judgment of this world. Now will the chieftain of this world be cast out. As for me, when I am lilted up from the ground, I will

33 draw all men to me. (Now this he said, signifying the death

34 he should soon die.) The multitude answered him, We have heard out of the law that " The Christ rcmaineth forever." How then dost thou say, That the son of man must be lifted

35 up? Who is this son of man? Jesus therefore said to them, Yet a little while the light is with you. Walk while you have the light that the darkness may not overtake you; for he who

36 walketh in darkness knoweth not where he is going. While you have the light, believe in the light, that you may be children of light.

37 Having said this, Jesus withdrew, and was concealed from them. Now though he had performed so many miracles be-

38 fore them, they did not believe in him, so that the word of the prophet Esaias was confirmed, which he spoke, Lord who hath believed our report, and to whom hath the arm of the

39 Lord been revealed ?* It was because they were not enabled

40 to believe that in another place Esaias said, He hath blinded their eyes, and stupified their hearts, so that they saw not with their eyes, nor understood with their heart, nor turned that

41 I might heal them.f This Esaias said when he saw his glory

42 and spake concerning him. Nevertheless when several of the chiei's believed in him, but on account of the Pharisees did

43 not acknowledge it, that they might not be excommunicated,

44 (for they loved the praise of men, more than the praise of God) therefore Jesus raised his voice and said, He who believeth in me, believeth not merely in me, but in him who sent me.

45 And he who beholdeth me, beholdeth him who sent me. I

46 being light am come into the world,:: that whoever believeth

47 in me may not remain in darkness. Now if any one hear my words and believe not; it is not I who condemn him ; for I did not come to condemn the world, but to save the world.

48 He who slightcth me and receiveth not my words, hath that which condemneth him—the word which I have spoken—

49 that will condemn him at the last day. Because I have not

*Es. 53. 1. t£s. 6. 10. {Sec ch. 1. 9.

spoken from myself, but the father who sent me hath himself given me a command what I should enjoin, and what 1

50 should speak, and I know that his commandment is everlasting life, therefore what I speak, I speak just as the father directed me.

XIII. Now before this festival of the passover, as Jesus knew that his time was come that he should remove from this world to the father, having loved his own who were in the world,

2 he loved them to the last. When they were at supper (the

3 devil having already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot son of Simon to deliver him up,) Jesus knowing that the father

4 hath given all things into his hands, and that he had come forth from God, and is going to God, riseth from the supper and layeth aside his upper garments, and having taken a towel

5 and girded himself, he then poureth water into the basin and began to wash the feet of the disciples and wipe them with

6 the towel, with which he was girded. He cometh therefore to Simon Peter. Whereupon Peter saith to him, Master, thou

7 wash my feet! Jesus answered and said to him, What I am doing thou dost not comprehend at present, but thou shalt

8 know hereafter. Peter saith to him, Thou shalt never wash my feet. Jesus answered him, Unless I wash thee thou hast

9 no portion with me. Simon Peter saith to him ; Master, not

10 my feet only, but also the hands and the head. Jesus saith to him, He who hath bathed needeth only to wash the feet, the rest of the body being clean. Now you are clean, but not all,

11 (For he knew him who was delivering him up, therefore he

12 said, You are not all clean.) So when he had washed their feet and put on his garments, having again taken his place at table, he said to them, Consider what I have done to you.

13 You call me The teacher and the master ; and you say right,

14 for so I am. If I then, the master and the teacher, have wash-

15 ed your feet, you ought to wash one another's feet; for I have set you an example, that you may do as I have done to you.

16 Verily, verily I say to you, The servant is not greater than his master; nor is a missionary greater than he who sent him.

17 If you know these things, happy are you if you practise them.

18 I do not speak of you all. I know whom I have chosen. But that the scripture may be fulfilled, He Avho is eating bread

19 with me hath lifted up his heel against me.* This I tell you now before it happcneth, that when it cometh to pass you may

20 believe me to be what I am. Verily, verily I say to you, He who receiveth whomsoever I shall send, receiveth me; and he who rc-

21 ceiveth me receiveth him who sent me. Having said this, Jesus was troubled in spirit and testified and said, Verily, verily 1 say

22 to you, that one of you is to deliver me up. Upon this hisdis. ciples looked at one another, doubting of whom he spake.

23 Now one of the disciples, whom Jesus loved, was reclined at

24 table next to Jesus. Simon Peter therefore beckoned to him

25 to ask who it might be of whom he spake. Thereupon he,

26 bending back his head to Jesus breast, saith to him, Master, who is it? Jesus answereth, It is he to whom I will give this morsel after I have dipped it. Then, having dipped the mor-

27 sel, he giveth it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon. And, after the morsel, Satan then entered into him. Therefore Jesus saitli

28 to him,What thou dost, do quickly. Now none of them at table

29 knew for what purpose he said this to him. For some thought, as Judas had the purse, that Jesus is saying to him, Buy what we have need of for the festival, or that he should give

30 something to the poor. He therefore, having received the mor-

31 sel, went out immediately. Now it was night. When he therefore was gone, Jesus saith, Now is the son of man glorified;

32 and God is glorified by him. If God be glorified by him, God will also glorify him in himself. Indeed without delay he will glorify him.

33 Children, yet a little while I am with you. You will seek me, and as I said to the Jews, whither I am going yon cannot

34 come, so I now say to you. A new commandment I give you, that you love one another. As I have loved you, that you also

35 love one another. By this all men will know that you are my

36 disciples, if you exercise mutual love. Simon Peter saith to him, Master, whither art thou going? Jesus answered him, Whither I am going thou canst not follow me now; but here

37 after thou wilt follow me. Peter saith to him, Master, Why

38 can wot I follow thee now? I will lay down my life for thee.

*Ps. 41. 9.

Jesus answered him, Thou wilt lay down thy life for me! Verily, verily, I say to thee, A cock will not crow till thou hast thrice denied me. XIV, Let not your hearts be troubled. Trust in God : trust

2 also in me. In my Father's house there are many mansions. If there were not, would I have said to you, I am going to pre-

3 pare a place for you? Now when I have gone and prepared a place for you, I will come again and take you to myself, that

4 where I am you may be also. Now you know whither I am

5 going and you know the way; Thomas saith to him, Master, We do not know whither thou ait going, how then can we

6 know the way? Jesus saith to him, I am the way and the truth

7 and the life. No one cometh to the father but by me. Had you known me, you would have known my Father also. But hence-

8 forth you know him and have seen him. Philip saith to him,

9 Master shew us the Father, and it sufficeth. Jesus saith to him, Am I so long a time with you, and hast thou not known me, Philip? He who hath seen me hath seen the Father: how

10 then sayest thou, Shew us the Father? Dost thou not believe that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? The words which I speak to you, I do not speak from myself. And it is

11 the Father himself abiding in me who doth the works. Believe me that I am in the Father and that the Father is in me. At least

12 believe me on account of the works themselves. Verily, verily, I say to you, He who believeth in me, even he shall do the

13 works which I do; nay, works greater than these he shall do, because I am going to my Father, and whatever you ask in

14 my name, that I will do. That the Father may be glorified in

15 the Son, if you ask any thing in my name, I will do it. If you

16 love me keep my commandments, and I will ask the Father

17 and he will give you another monitor, that he may continue with you forever, even the spirit of truth which the world cannot receive because it neither seeth him nor knoweth him.

18 But you know him, because he abideth with you and will be

19 in you. I will not leave you orphans. I am coming to you. Yet a little while and the world seeth me no more; but you see me.

20 Because I live therefore you shall live. In that day you will know that I am in my Father, and you in me, and I in you.

21 He who hath my commandments and keepeth them-r—he. it is

voi. iv. B b

who loveth me. And he who loveth me will be loved by my

22 Father, and I will love him and manifest myself to him. Judas (not the Iscariot) saith to him, Master, How is it that thou

23 wilt manifest thyself to us, and not to the world"? Jesus in reply, said to him, If any one love me, he will keep my word and my Father will love him; and we will come to him and

24 make an abode with him. He who doth not love me, doth not keep my words. Now the word which you hear is not mine

25 only, but the Father's who sent me. These things I have spoken to you, while I remain with you. But the Monitor—

26 the Holy Spirit which the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things and bring to your remembrance all that I

27 have said to you. Peace I leave with you. This peace of mine I give you. It is not as the world giveth that I give to you.

28 Let not your heart be troubled nor dismayed. You have heard me say to you, I am going away and I am coming to you. If you love me, you would rejoice because I said, I am going

29 to the Father: for my Father is greater than I. Now I have told you before it come to pass, that when it is come to pass you

30 may believe. I will not discourse much more with you, for the ;11 chieftain of this world is coming, and hath nothing to do with

me; save only that the world may know that I love the Father and do as he commanded me. Arise; let us go hence. XV. I am the true vine, and my Father is the vine-dresser. Every branch in me which beareth not fruit, he loppeth off; and every branch which beareth fruit he cleaneth to make it

3 more fruitful. Now you are clean through the word which I

4 have spoken to you. Abide in me, and I [will abide] in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself unless it abide in the

5 vine; so neither can you unless you continue in me. I am the vine; you are the branches. He who continueth in me and I in him—he it is who beareth much fruit. Because, separated

6 from me, you can bear nothing: if any one continueth not in me he is thrown away as the branch is when it is withered. Such indeed are gathered and thrown into the fire and burned.

7 If you continue in me, and my words continue in you, ask what you will and it will be done for you: by this my Father

8 is glorified. That you may bear much fruit, you must be my disciples.

9 As the Father hath loved me, so I have loved you. Conti-

10 nue ye in my love. If you keep my commandments, you shall continue in my love; as I have kept my Father's command-

11 ments and continue in his love. These things I have spoken

12 to you that my joy may continue, and that your joy may be complete. This is my commandment, that you love one ano-

13 ther as I have loved you. No one hath greater love than this,

14 that he would lay down his life for his friends. Yon are my

15 friends, if you do what I command you. I no longer call you servants; because the servant doth not know what his master doth. But I have called you friends, because I have made

16 known to you all that I heard from my Father. It was not you who chose me; but it was I who chose you, and placed you that you may go forth bearing fruit, and that your fruit may continue, that the Father may give you whatever you ask of

17 him in my name. These things I command you that you may

18 love one another. If the world hate you, consider that it hated me before you. If ye were of the world, the world would love

19 its own. Now because you are not of the world, but I have chosen you out of the world, therefore the world hateth you.

20 Remember the word which I spake to you. The servant is not greater than his master. If they persecuted me, they will also

21 persecute you. If they have kept my word, they will also keep yours. But all these things they will do to you on account of my name, because they do not know him who sent me. If I

22 had not come and spoken to them, they would not have had

23 sin; but now they have no excuse for their sin. He who hateth

24 me, hateth my Father also. If I had not done among them works which no other did, they would not have had sin: but now, though they have seen, they have hated both me and my

25 Father. But by this is fulfilled the word which is written in their law, They hated me without cause.* Now when the

26 monitor whom I Will send to you from the Father, is come— the spirit of truth who proceedeth from the Father, he will tes-

27 tify concerning me. And as for you, bear ye witness also, because you have been with me from the beginning.

*Ps. 35. 19.

XVI. These things I have spoken to you that you may not

2 be stumbled. They will excommunicate you. Indeed a time is coming, when whosoever killeth you will think he doth an

3 act of religious worship to God. And these things they will do to you because they know neither the Father nor me. But

4 I have spoken these things to you, that, when that time com- eth, you may remember that I mentioned them to you. 1 did not tell you them from the beginning, because I was with you.

5 But now I am going to him who sent me, and none of you ask-

6 eth me, Whither art thou going. But because I have told you

7 these things, sorrow hath filled your hearts. But, I tell you this truth, it is to your advantage that I go away: for if I do not go, the monitor will not come to you; but when I go I will

8 send him to you. And when he is come, he will convince the world in respect to sin, and in respect to righteousness, and in

9 respect to judgment—in respect to sin, because they do not

10 believe in me; and in respect to righteousness^ because I go to

11 my Father and you see me no more; and in respect to judg-

12 ment, because the prince of this world is judged. I have still many things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now.

13 But when he—the spirit of truth, is come, he will lead you into all the truth; for he will not speak from himself, but will speak whatsoever he shall have heard, and will explain to you

14 the train of events. He will glorify me, for he will receive of

15 mine, and communicate to you. All that the Father hath is mine; therefore I said, He will receive of mine, and communicate to you.

16 Yet a little while and you do not see me; and again a little while and you shall see me, because I am going to the Father.

17 Upon this some of his disciples said to one another, What is this which he saith to us, "A little while and you do not see me; and again a little while and you shall see me;" and, "be-

18 cause I am going to the Father." They said therefore, What is this little while of which he speaketh? We do not compre-

19 hend what he saith. As Jesus knew that they were desirous to ask him, therefore he said to them, Do ye inquire among yourselves concerning this, because I said, A little while, and you do not see me; and again a little while and you shall see

20 me? Verily, verily, I say to you, "Vou will weep and mourn; but the world will rejoice. You will be sorrowful; but your

21 sorrow will be turned into joy. A woman in travail hath sorrow, because her time is come; but when the child is born, she no more remembereth her anguish, for joy that a man is born in-

22 to the world. So you at present are in grief; but I will see you again and your heart will be made joyful; and that joy of yours no one shall take from you. Now in that day you will not ask

23 me any thing. Verily, verily, I say to you, whatever you shall ask of the Father in my name, he will give you. Hitherto you

24 have asked nothing in my name. Ask and ye shall receive,

25 that your joy may be complete. These things I have spoken to you in parables. But a time is coming when I will no more speak to you in parables, but with plainness of speech tell you re-

26 specting the Father. In that day you will ask in my name, and I do not say to you that I will ask the Father for you; for

27 the Father himself loveth you, because you have loved me and

28 have believed that I came from God. I came forth from the Father and am come into the world. Again 1 leave the world and am going to the Father.

29 His disciples say to him, Behold now thou speakest plain-

30 ly and usest no parable. Now we know tiiat thou knowest all things, and hast no need that any should ask thee questions. By this we believe that thou earnest forth from God. Jesus

3J. answered them, Do you now believe? Behold the time is com-

32 ing, indeed is now come, when you will be scattered every one to his own, and you will leave me alone; yet I am not alone,

33 because the Father is with me. These things I have spoken to you, that you may have peace in me. In this world you will have trouble; but take courage: I have overcome the world.

XVII. Having spoken this, Jesus raised his eyes to heaven, and said,

2 Father the hour is come. Glorify thy son, that thy son may glorify thee; that, as thou hast given him power over all flesh, he may, according to all that thou hast given him, give to these

3 everlasting life. Now this is the life everlasting that they may know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom thou

4 hast sent. I have glorified thee on the earth; I have finished

5 the work which thou gavest me to do. Now therefore, O Father, glorify thou me, with thyself, with that glory which I

6 had in thy presence before the world was. I have made known thy name to the men whom thou gavest me out of the world. They were thine, and thou gavest them to me, and they have

7 kept thy word. They now know that all those things which thou gavest me, come from thee. Because I have given them

8 the doctrines which thou gavest me, therefore they have received them, and know certainly that I came forth from thee;

9 and believe that thou didst send me. I pray for them. I am not praying for the world, but for them whom thou gavest me.

10 Because they are thine, and all things that are mine are thine,

11 and thine are mine, and I am glorified by them, and am no longer in this world, but these are in this world, and I am coming to thee : Holy Father, keep in thy name them whom thou gavest me that they may be one as we are. While I was

12 with them in the \vorld, I kept them in thy name. Them whom thou gavest to me I have guarded, and none of them is lost, unless it be the son of perdition, so that the scrip-

13 ture is fulfilled; but I am now coming to thee, and I speak these things in this world, that they may have their joy in me

14 completed in them. I have given them thy word, and the world

15 hath hated them, because they are not of the world as I am not of the world. I do not ask thee to remove them out of the world, but to preserve them from the evil one. They are not

16 of the world, as I am not of the world. Consecrate them for thy

17 truth. The Word which is thine, is truth. As thou hast sent

18 me into the world, so I have sent them into the world. And

19 for them I consecrate myself, that they may be consecrated

20 for truth. Now I do not pray for these only, but for those also

21 who shall by means of their word believe in me, that all may be one—as thou, Father, art in me and I in thee, that they also may be one in us—that the world may believe that thou

22 hast sent me, and that I have given them the glory which thou

23 gavest me, that they may be one as we are one—1 in them and thou in me, that they may be taken into union, and that the world may know that thou hast sent me, and hast loved

24 them as thou hast loved me. O Father, with respect to them whom thou hast given me, my desire is that where I am, they may be with me, that they may behold my glory which thou hast given me, because thou lovedst me before the foundation

25 of the world. Righteous Father, though the world did not know thee, I knew thee, and these have known that thou didst

26 send me. I have made known thy name to them, and I will make it known, that the love with which thou hast loved me may be in them and I in them.

XVIII. When Jesus had thus spoken, he went out with his disciples to the bank of the brook Kedron, where there was a

2 garden into which he went with his disciples. Now Judas who delivered him up knew the place, because Jesus had often re-

3 sorted thither with his disciples. Judas, therefore, having got the band of soldiers and under officers from the chief priests, and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns and torches and

4 weapons. Thereupon Jesus, knowing all that were coming upon him, went forth and said to them, Whom do ye seek?

5 They answered him, Jesus the Nazarene. Jesus saith to them, I am he. Now Judas, who delivered him up, was with them.

6 As soon then as he said to them, I am he, they drew back

7 and fell on the ground. He therefore asked them again, Whom

8 do you seek? And when they answered, Jesus the Nazarene; Jesus replied, I have told you that I am he.- If therefore you

9 seek me, let these go their way; that the word might be fulfill-

10 ed which he spake, saying, " Of them whom thou gavest me I have lost none." Upon this Simon Peter, having a sword, drew it and smote the servant of the chief priest, and cut oft"

11 his right ear. Now the servant's name was. Malchus. Thereupon Jesus said to Peter, Put up thy sword into the sheath.

12 Must I not drink the cup which my Father hath given me? Then the band of soldiers, and the commander and the under

13 officers of the Jews, took Jesus and bound him, and led him away, first to Annas, for he was the father in law of Caiaphas,

14 who was chief priest that year. Now it was Caiaphas who in council said to the Jews, It was expedient that one man die for the people.

15 Now Simon Peter, and another, disciple, followed Jesus. The other disciple was known to the chief priest, and went in

16 with Jesus into the court of the chief priest, but Peter stood at the gate without. The other disciple, therefore, who was known to the chief priest, went out and spoke to the portress,

17 and brought in Peter. Whereupon the girl, the portress, saith to Peter, Art not thou one of the disciples of that man? He

18 'saith, I am not. Now the servants and the under officers stood by a fire which they had made, because it was cold, and were warming themselves; and Peter stood with them and was

19 warming himself. Meanwhile the chief priest asked Jesus

20 concerning his disciples, and concerning his doctrine. Jesus answered him, I spake openly to the world, I taught always in the synagogues and in the temple, to which the Jews al-

21 ways resort. And I have spoken nothing in secret. Why ask- est thou me? Ask them who heard what I spoke to them. Be-

22 hold they know what I have said. Upon his saying this, one of the under officers who stood by, gave Jesus a slap on the

23 cheek, saying, Answerest thou the high priest so? Jesus answered him, If 1 have spoken disrespectfully, testify concern-

24 ing the disrespect: but if properly; why smitest thou me? Now Annas had sent him bound to Caiaphas the chief priest.

25 Still Simon Peter was standing warming himself; they therefore said to him, Art not thou also one of his disciples? He

26 denied and said, I am not. One of the servants of the chief priest, a kinsman of him whose ear Peter had cut off, said,

27 Did I not see thee in the garden with him? Thereupon Peter again denied, and immediately a cock crowed.

28 From Caiaphas they led Jesus away to the judgment hall of the Roman governor. Now it was early in the morning and they themselves did not go into the hall that they might not be

29 polluted, but that they might eat the passover. Pilate therefore came out to them and said, What accusation do you bring

30 against this man? They in reply, said to him, If he were not a malefactor we would not have delivered him over to thee.

31 Then Pilate said to them; Take him yourselves and judge him according to your law. Upon this the Jews said to him, It is

32 not lawful for us to put any man to death, so that the word was fulfilled which Jesus had spoken, signifying by what kind of death he was to die.

33 Then Pilate went again into the hall, and called Jesus and 34 said to him, Thou art the king of the Jews? Jesus answered

35 him, Dost thou say this from thyself? Or have others told it thee concerning me? Pilate answered him, Am I a Jew? Thine own nation, even the chief priests, have delivered thee up to

36 me. What hast thou done? Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world. If my kingdom were of this world, my attendants would have fought to prevent my being delivered up

37 to the Jews. But now my kingdom is not of this world. Thereupon Pilate said to him, Thou art a king then? Jesus answer- ed, It is as thou sayest, I am a king. For this I was born, and for this 1 came into the world, to bear testimony for the truth.

38 Every one who is of the truth hearkeneth to my voice. Pilate saith to him, What is truth? And having said this, he went

39 out again to the Jews, and saith to them, I find no fault in him. ' Now you have a custom that I should release one to you at

the passover. Is it your will therefore that I release to you the king of the Jews? Upon this«they all cried out again, saying, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now this Barabbas was a robber.

XIX. Then Pilate took Jesus and scourged him, and the soldiers having platted a crown of thorns, put it on his head and

3 threw around him a purple robe, and said, Hail! king of the Jews ! When they gave him slaps on the cheek. Then Pilate

4 went out again and saith to them, Behold I bring him out to

5 you that you may know that I find no fault in him. So Jesus came out wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe.

6 And Pilate saith to them, Behold the man. Upon which when the chief priests, and the officers saw him, they cried, saying, Crucify him; crucify him. Pilate saith to them, Take him your-

7 selves and crucify him; for I find no fault in him. The Jews answered, We have a law; and by that law of ours he ought

8 to die, because he hath pretended to be the son of God. Now

9 when Pilate heard this expression he was more alarmed and went again into the judgment hall, and saith to Jesus, Whence art

10 thou? But Jesus made him no answer. Then Pilate saith to him, Dost thou not speak to me? Knowest thou not, that I

11 have power to crucify thee; and that I have power to release thee? Jesus answered, Thou couldst have no power at all against me, if it were not given thee from above; therefore he

Vol. iv. c c

12 who delivered me up to thee hath the greater sin. From this [time] Pilate sought to release him ; but the Jews cried out, saying, If thou let this man go, thou art not Caesar's friend.

13 Whoever maketh himself a king speaketh against Caesar. When Pilate therefore heard this speech, he brought out Je-

14 sus and sat down on the tribunal in a place called the pavement (in Hebrew Gabbatha.) (It was now the paschal preparation day,*, and the sixth hour was drawing on,) and he

15 saith to the Jews, Behold your king! Whereupon they cried out, Away, away with him; crucify him. Pilate saith to them, Shall I crucify your king? The chief priests answered, We

16 have no king but Caesar. Then he delivered him up to them

17 to be crucified. So they took Jesus and led him away, and

18 he went ou,t, carrying his cross, to the place called Sculls, (in Hebrew, Golgotha,) where they crucified him, and two others with him; one on one side and the other on the

19 other side, and Jesus in the middle. Now Pilate had written a label and put it on the cross, and the writing was this, Jesus

20 The Nazaritne, The King Of The Jews. This label therefore many of the Jews read; for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and the inscription was in He-

21 brew and Greek and Latin. Wherefore the chief priests of the Jews siiid to Pilate, Write not The king of the Jews, but, that

22 he said, I am the king of the Jews. Pilate answered, What I have written, I have written.

23 Now when the soldiers had nailed Jesus to the cross, they took his garments and divided them into four parts, to every soldier a part. But as for the vest, as it was without seam, be-

24 iiig woven from the top throughout, they said to one another, Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be, so that the scripture was fulfilled which saith, " They parted my garments among them; and for my vesture they cast lots.t" These things the soldiers actually did.

25 Now there stood by the cross of Jesus, his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary

26 Magdalene. Jesus therefore seeing his mother, and the disci-

*That is the day previous to the sabbath in the passover week, or during the festival oi the passover. fPs. 22. 18.

pie whom he loved standing near, saith to his mother, Wo-

27 man, behold thy son! Then he saith to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour the disciple took her to his own home.

28 After this, Jesus, knowing that all things were now ac-

29 complished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst. Upon which, as there was a vessel set full of vinegar, some having filled a sponge with vinegar put it on a stalk of

30 hyssop and put it to his mouth.* When Jesus had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished, and bowing his head, he expired.

31 Now that the bodies might not remain on the cross during the sabbath, therefore when it was preparation timef (for that sabbath was a great day) the Jews besought Pilate that their

32 legs might be broken and the bodies removed. The soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first and also of the

33 other who had been crucified with him. But when they came to Jesus, as they saw that he was already dead, they did not-break

34 his legs. But one of the soldiers with his" spear pierced his

35 side, and blood and water issued forth immediately. Now he who was an eye witness hath testified this. And his testimony is true, and [Jesus] himself knovveth that he speaketh the truth

36 that you may believe. For these things were done that the scrip-

37 ture might be fulfilled, " A bone of him shall not be broken.^" And again another scripture saith, " They will look on him whom they have pierced.$"

38 After this, Joseph of Arimathea, who was a disciple of Jesus, but for fear of the Jews, a concealed one, asked leave of Pilate to take away the body of Jesus, and Pilate granted it.

39 He therefore came and took away the body of Jesus. And Nicodemus, he who formerly came to Jesus by night, came also with a mixture of myrrh and aloes, weighing about a

40 hundred pounds. So they took the body of Jesus and wrapped it up in linen swathings with the spices, according to the

*Ps. 22. 15. ) Preparation time was from nine, or three o'clock in the afternoon, to sunset, when the sabbath commenced. JEx. 12. 46. Numb. 9. 12. §Zach. 12. 10.

41 Jewish custom of embalming. Now at the place where he was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb,

42 in which no one had ever been laid. Therefore on account of the preparation of the Jews, they laid Jesus there, because the tomb was nigh at hand.

XX. Now on the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene cometh to the tomb early in the morning, while there was still darkness, and she seeth the stone was taken away from the

2 tomb. Upon which she runneth and cometh to Simon Peter and the other disciple, whom Jesus loved, and saith to them, They have taken the master out of the tomb and we do not

3 know where they have laid him. Thereupon Peter set out with

4 the other disciple, and they went to the tomb. Now they both

5 ran together, but the other disciple out ran Peter and came first to the tomb. And having stooped down he seeth the linen

6 swathings laid by; but did not go in. Then cometh Simon Peter following him, and he went into the tomb and seeth the linen swathings laid by, and the napkin, which was on his

7 head, not laid with the linen swathings, but folded up in a

8 place by itself. Then the other disciple, who came first to the

9 tomb, went in also and saw and believed. For they did not

10 yet know the scripture, that he was to rise from the dead. Therefore these disciples went their way home again. But

11 Mary stood without, before the tomb, weeping. And as she

12 wept, she stooped down to look into the tomb, and seeth two angels robed in white, sitting one at the head and the other at

13 the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain: and they say to her, Woman why weepest thou? She saith to them, Because they have taken away my lord, and I know not where they have

14 laid him. And, having said this, she turneth about and seeth

15 Jesus standing, but did not know that it is Jesus. Jesus saith to her, Woman, why weepest thou? Whom art thou seeking? She, supposing him to be the gardener, saith to him, Sir, if thou hast taken him up; tell me where thou hast laid him, and

16 I will take him away. Jesus sailh to her, Mary! She turning

17 saith to him, Rabboni, that is to say, Teacher. Jesus saith to her, Cling not to me, for I have not yet ascended to my Father: But go to my brethren and tell them, I am about to ascend to my Father and to your Father, and to my God and

18 your God. Mary Magdalene cometh and telleth the disciples that she hath seen the Lord, and that he spoke these things to her.

19 In the evening, on that same day, the first day of the week, the doors where the disciples assembled being shut for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood in the midst, and saith to

20 them, Peace be to you. And having said this, he shewed them his hands and his side, and the disciples were rejoiced at see-

21 ing the Lord. Then Jesus said to them again, Peace be to you.

22 As the Father sent me so I send you. And having said this he breathed on them, and saith to them, Receive a holy spirit.

23 Whose sins soever you forgive, they are forgiven them, and whose sins soever you retain, they are retained.

24 Now Thomas, one of the twelve, he who is called Didy-

25 mus, was not with them when Jesus came. The other disciples therefore said to him, We have seen the Lord. But he said to them, Unless I see jn his hands the print of the nails; and put my finger into the print of the nails; and put this hand

26 of mine into his side, I will not believe. And after eight days, his disciples were again within, and Thomas with them. Jesus cometh, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst and said,

27 Peace be to you. Then he saith to Thomas, Reach hither thy finger and behold my hands! and reach thy hand and put it in-

28 to my side; and be not an unbefiever, but a believer. And Thomas answered and said to him, My Lord and my God. Jesus

29 saith to him, Thomas, Because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed? Happy they who have not seen me and yet believe.

30 Now Jesus performed many other miracles in the presence

31 of his tlisciples, which are not written in this book. But these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing, you may have life by his name.

XXI. After this Jesus shewed himself again to his disciples,

2 by the sea of Tiberias, and in this manner he shewed himself. Simon Peter, and Thomas called Didymus, and Nathaniel, who was of Cana in Galilee, and the sons of Zebedee, and two

3 other of his disciples, were together. Simon Peter saith to them, I am going a fishing. They say to him, We will go with thee. They went and presently got aboard the vessel, and that 4 night caught nothing. And when it was morning Jesus stood

5 on the shore, but the disciples did not know that it was Jesus. Then Jesus saith to them, Lads, have you any thing to eat? They answered him, No. Then he said to them, Cast the net

6 on the right side of the vessel and you will find. So they cast, and now they were not able to draw it up, by reason of the multitude of fishes. Upon this that disciple whom Jesus loved

7 saith to Peter, It is the Lord. Simon Peter therefore, upon hearing that it is the Lord, girded on his vest, for he was

8 stript, and threw himself into the sea. But the other disciples came in the boat, (for they were not far from land, only about

9 two hundred cubits) dragging the net with the fishes. As soon then as they came ashore, they see a fire of coals ready and a lit-

10 tie fish on it, and a loaf of bread. Jesus saith to them, Bring some

11 of the fish you have now caught. Simon Peter went and drew the net ashore full of large fishes, a hundred and fifty three. And

12 though they were so many, the net was not torn. Jesus saith to them, Come to breakfast. Now none of the disciples ventur-

13 ed to ask him, Who art thou? knowing that it was the Lord.

14 Then Jesus cometh and taketh the loaf and giveth to them, and the small fish likewise. This was now the third time that Jesus appeared to these his disciples, after he was risen from the dead.

15 So when they had breakfasted, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? He saith to him, Yes, Lord, Thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith

16 to him, Feed my lambs. Again he saith to him a second time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? He saith to him, Yes,

17 Lord, thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith to him, Tend my sheep. He saith to him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me ? Peter was grieved that he said to him, the third time, " Lovest thou me," and he said to him, Lord thou knowest all things. Thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith to him, Feed my sheep. Verily, veri-

18 ly I say to thee, When thou wast young, thou didst gird thyself and walk where thou wouldst; but when thou shalt be old, thou shalt stretch forth thy hands, and another will gird thee and carry thee whither thou wouldst not. Now this he said

19 to him, signifying by what sort of a death he should glorify

20 God. And having said this, Jesus saith to him, Follow me. Now when Peter turned about and saw the disciple whom Jesus loved following, (even him who at the supper reclined on his breast and said, Master, who is he that is about to deli-

21 ver thee up) Peter seeing him, saith to Jesus, Lord, and this

22 one, what in respect to him? Jesus saith to him, If I will that he stay till I come, what is that to thee? Followthou me. This saying

23 therefore went abroad among the brethren, that this disciple should not die. But Jesus did not say to him, he should not

24 die; but, If I will that he stay till I come, what is that to thee?

This is the disciple who testifieth concerning these things and hath written these things. And we know that his testimony is true.

25 There are indeed many other things which Jesus did. With respect to them, if they were all committed to writing, one by one, even then I do not think that the world would cordiallv receive the books written. Amen.