I. The beginning of the Gospel of Jesus Christ the Son of God
2 AS it is written in the prophets, " JBehold I send my messenger before thy foce, -who shall prepare the -way before
3 thee.*" "A voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare the
4 way of the Lord; make the roads for him straight,^" John came baptizing in the wilderness, and proclaiming a baptism of
5 reformation, for a remission of sins. And all the country of Judea and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, went out to him, and were all baptized by him in the river Jordan, confessing their sins.
6 Now John's clothing was of camel's hair and he had a leathern girdle about his waist. And his food was locusts and
7 wild honey. And he proclaimed saying, There is one coming after me, who is mightier than I, the latchet of whose sandals
8 I am not worthy to stoop down and untie. I indeed have baptized you in water, but he will baptize you in a holy spirit.
9 And it came to pass in those days, that Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized in the Jordan, by John,
10 who immediately upon his coming up from the water, saw the heavens parted asunder, and the Spirit like a dove de-
* Mai. 3. 1. f Es. 40. 7.
. 1 scending upon him. And there came a voice from the heavens, " Thou art my Son, the Beloved, in whom I am well pleased."
12 Presently after this the Spirit sendeth him forth into th6
L3 wilderness, and lie was there in the wilderness forty days, tempted by Satan, and was with the wild beasts; and the angels ministered to him.
L4 And after John's imprisonment, Jesus went to Galilee, proclaiming the glad tidings of the reign of God, and saying,
15 The time is accomplished, and the reign of God is at hand. Reform and confide in this good news.
16 And as he was walking along the sea of Galilee, he saw Simon, and Andrew his brother, casting a drag net, into the
17 sea ; for they were fishermen; and Jesus said to them, Come
18 with me and I will make you fishers of men. Thereupon they
19 straightway left their nets and followed him. And going thence a little further, he saw James, the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, who were in the vessel, mending the nets.
20 And soon as he called them, they left their father Zebedee in
21 the vessel, with the hired servants, and went after him. And they come to Capernaum ; and thenceforward on the sabbath
22 days, he went to the synagogue and taught; and they were astonished at his manner of teaching ; for he taught as one having authority and not as the Scribes.
23 Now there was in their synagogue a man with an unclean
24 spirit, and he cried aloud, saying, Forbear ! what hast thou to do with us, Jesus of Nazareth ? Art thou come to destroy
25 us ? I know who thou art—the Holy One of God. Thereupon Jesus rebuked him, saying, Be silent and go out of him.
26 And the unclean spirit, having convulsed the man, and scream-
27 ed with a loud voice, went out of him. At which all were so amazed, that they asked one another, saying, What is this ? What new teaching is this ? For with authority he comrmind-
28 eth even the unclean spirits, and they obey him. And thenceforth his fame spread through all the region of Galilee.
29 Immediately on their going out of the synagogue they went to the house of Simon and Andrew, with James and John.
30 And as Simon's mother in law was confined to her bed with
31 a fever, they forthwith spake to him about her; whereupon he went to her, and taking hold of her hand, raised her up, and
32 instantly the fever left her, and she waited on them. And in the evening, when the sun was set, they brought to him all
33 their sick, and those who were possessed by demons. And the
34 whole city was assembled at the door. And he healed many who were sick of various diseases, and cast out many de-
. mons; and he permitted not the demons to say they knew him.*
35 And in the morning, when the night was far advanced, he
36 arose and went out, and retired to a solitary place, and there
37 prayed; and Simon, and they who were with him, went in quest of him, and having found him they say to him, They are
38 all seeking thee. Whereupon he saith to them, Let us go to the neighbouring villages, that I may there also make proclamation,
39 for I am come forth for that purpose. Accordingly he proceeded, proclaiming the news in their synagogues, through all Gali-
40 lee, and casting out demons. And there cometh to him a leper, who on his knees intreated him, saying, If thou wilt, thou canst
41 cleanse me. And Jesus had compassion, and stretched forth his
42 hand, and touched him, saying, I will: be thou cleansed. And while he was speaking, the leprosy instantly left the man, and he
43 was cleansed. Then having restrained him, he sent him away
44 immediately, saying to him, See thou say nothing to any one; but go, shew thyself to the priest, and offer for thy purification
45 what Moses hath commanded, for a testimony to them. But when he went out he began to proclaim freely and publish the matter abroad, so that Jesus could no more go openly into a city, but continued without in solitary places, where people resorted to him from all quarters.
II. After some days he again entered Capernaum, and the re-
2 port spread that he was in a house, and such multitudes presently flocked thither, that even the courts before the door
3 could not contain them. And while he was speaking the word to them, some come to him bringing a paralytic, carried by
4 four men. And not being able to come near to him by reason oCthe crowd, they drew back the covering over the place where he was, and having opened a passage they lowered down
* To talk or prate.——See Luke 4. 41.
5 the couch on which the paralytic lay. Upon seeing their faith, Jesus saith to the paralytic, Son, thy sins are forgiven thec.
6 Now there were some of the Scribes sitting there, and they were reasoning in their minds—"What! Doth this man thus
7 utter blasphemies! Who can forgive sins but God only."
8 Thereupon Jesus, perceiving immediately by his spirit that they are thus reasoning in themselves, said to them, Why do
9 ye reason thus in your hearts? Which is easier, To say to the paralytic, Thy sins are forgiven thee; or to say, Arise, take up
10 thy couch, and walk? But that you may know that the son of man hath power on the earth to forgive sins, (he saith to the
11 paralytic) I say to thee, Arise, take up thy couch, and go to
12 thy house. Thereupon he arose immediately; and having taken up the couch, went out in the presence of them all. So that they were all amazed, and glorified God, saying, We never saw any thing like this.
13 And he went out again to the sea side, and all the multi-
14 tude came to him, and he taught them. Now as he passed on he saw Levi, the son of Alpheus, sitting at the custom house, and saith to him, Follow me. Whereupon he arose and followed him. *
15 And it came to pass that when Jesus was at table, in this man's house, many publicans and sinners were at table, with
1C Jesus and his disciples; for many of them followed him. When the Scribes and the Pharisees saw him eating with these publicans and sinners, they said to his disciples, What! Doth he
17 eat and drink with these publicans and sinners! This being in the hearing of Jesus, he saith to them, They who are in health have no need of a physician; but they who are sick. I did not come to call righteous men, but sinners, to a reformation.
18 Now it was customary for the disciples of John, and those of the Pharisees, to fast. Therefore they come and say to him, Why do the disciples of John, and those of the Pharisees, fast;
19 but thy disciples do not fast? Thereupon Jesus-said to them, Can the bridemen fast, while the bridegroom is with them? So long as they have the bridegroom with them, they cannot
20 fast. But the days will come, when the bridegroom will be
21 taken from them, and then they will fast in those days. No one seweth a patch, "undressed cloth ortadold garment, else the new patch teareth the old cloth, and the rent is made worse.
22 And no one putteth new wine into old leathern bottles; else the new wine bursteth the bottles. Thus the wine is spilled and the bottles are rendered useless. But new wine is to be put into new bottles.
23 At another time, as he was passing through corn fields, on the sabbath days, it happened that his disciples, as they pass-
24 ed along, began to pluck the ears. Whereupon the Pharisees said to him, See! Why are they doing what is not lawful, on
25 the sabbath days"? And he said to them, Did you never read what David did when he was in a strait; and he and his com-
26 pany were hungry? How he went to the house of God in the days of Abiathar, the high priest, and ate the presence loaves, which it is not lawful for any but the priests to eat, and gave
27 thereof to his attendants? Moreover he said to them, The sabbath was made for man, not man for the sabbath. So that the son of man is lord even of the sabbath.
III. And when he again went to the synagogue, there was a
2 man there who had a withered hand; and they watched him to see whether he would heal on the sabbath, that they might ac-
3 cuse him. Thereupon he saith to the man who had the wither-
4 ed hand. Stand up in the" midst. Then he saith to them. Is h lawful to do good on the sabbath days, or tp do evil? To save
5 life, or to kill? But they were silent. Then looking round on them with indignation, being grieved for the blindness of their mind, he saith to the man, Stretch forth thy hand. Accordingly he stretched it out, and his hand was restored whole as the
6 other. Upon this the Pharisees went out, and immediately held a consultation with the Herodians against him, how they might destroy him.
7 Again 'Jesus withdrew with his disciples to the sea, and a great multitude followed him from Galilee, and from Judea,
8 and from Jerusalem, and from Idumea, and from the banks of the Jordan. They also around Tyre and Sidon, having heard
9 what he did, flocked to him in crowds. Then he gave orders to his disciples that a boat should attend him, because of the
10 multitude, that they might not throng him. For he healed many; so that they who had maladies, pressed in upon liim to
11 touch him. And the unclean spirits; when they saw him, pros-
12 trated themselves before him, and cried out, saying, Thou art the Son of God; though he strictly charged them not to make him known.
13 Then he goeth up to the mountain, and calleth to him
14 whom he would, and they went up to him. And he appointed twelve, that they might be with him, and that he might send
15 them to make proclamation; and to have power to cure diseas-
16 es, and expel demons; namely, Simon, whom he surnamed Pe-
17 ter, and James, the son of Zebedee, and John, the brother of James, (these he surnamed Boanerges, that is, sons of thun-
18 der) and Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew,
19 and Thomas, and James the son of Alpheus, and Thaddeus, and Simon the Chananite, and Judas Iscariot, who delivered him up.
20 Upon their going into a house, a crowd again assembled, so
21 that they could not so much as eat bread. And when they who
22 were just from it,* heard, and were going out to restrain it, (for some said, He is distracted, and the Scribes who had come down from Jerusalem, said, He is possessed by Beelzebub, and by the prince of the demons he expelleth the demons;) Jesus
23 having called them to him, said to them in parables, How can
24 Satan expel Satan? If indeed a kingdom be divided against it-
25 self, that kingdom cannot stand; and if a family be divided
26 against itself, that family cannot subsist; and if Satan is risen up against himself, and divided, he cannot subsist; but hath
27 an end. No one can enter the house of the strong, and plun-
28 der his goods, unless he first bind the strong one. Then indeed he may rifle his house. Verily I say to you, All transgressions may be forgiven the sons of men, and what slanderous speeches soever they may utter, but whoever shall utter slanders against the Holy Spirit, hath not forgiveness in this
29 age, but is liable to everlasting punishment.
30 Because it was said he hath an unclean spirit, therefore his
31 brethren, and his mother come, and having stood without,
32 sent for him, as the multitude sat around him. And when they said to him, Behold thy mother and thy brethren are
* Who had just come in from the crowd at the gate, vox,. IV. i
33 without, inquiring for thee, he answered them, saying, Who
34 is my mother? And who are my brethren? Then looking round on them who sat about him, he saith, Behold my mother and
35 my brethren! For whosoever will do the will of God, the same is my brother, and sister, and mother.
IV. And when he began to teach again by the sea side, so great a multitude gathered about him, that he went on board the small vessel, and sat at sea, and all the multitude were on
2 the sea shore. And he taught them many things in parables.
3 and in his manner of teaching, said to them, Hearken! Be-
4 hold the sower went out to sow! And it happened that as he was sowing, some fell on the highway, and the birds of the
5 air came and devoured it. And some fell on rocky ground, where it had not much depth of soil; and it sprang up imme-
6 diately, because it had not depth of soil, but when the sun was up, it was scorched, and, for want of root, withered away:
7 and some fell among thorns, and the thorns sprang up and
8 choked it, so that it yielded no fruit: and some fell on good ground, which sprang up and yielded fruit, groxving and thriving and bringing forth, some thirty, and some sixty, and some
9 an hundred ibid. Then he said to them, Whoever hath ears to hear, let him hear.
10 And when he was in private they who were about him. with the twelve, asked him the meaning of this parable.
11 Whereupon he said to them, To you it is granted to know the secrets of the reign of God ; but to those without, all
12 these things are delivered in parables, so that seeing they see, though they may not perceive ; and hearing they hear, though they may not understand. Perhaps they may turn, that their
13 sins may be forgiven them. Then he saith to them, Do ye not comprehend this parable ? How then will you understand
14 all the parables ? The sower soweth the word. Now these are
15 they by the way side, where the word is sown, who have no sooner heard, than Satan cometh, and taketh away the word
16 which was sown in their hearts.' And in like manner the rocky ground denoteth those, who, when they hear the word, re-
17 ceive it immediately with joy ; but not having it rooted in them, they are but temporary; so that when tribulation, or persecution cometh because of the word, they are instantly 8 stumbled. And these are they sown among thorns, who hear
19 the word, but the cares of this world, and the delusion of riches, and inordinate desires of other things, crowd in and choke
20 the word, so that it becometh unfruitful. And these are they sown on good ground, who hear the word and receive it, and bring forth fruit, some, thirty ; and some, sixty ; and some, an hundred fold.
II Then he said to them, Is a lamp brought to be put under the corn measure, or under the bed"? Is it not that it may be
!2 set on a stand ? For there is nothing hidden which shall not be discovered, nor any thing laid up in secret, but that it may
!3 be brought to light. If any one hath ears to hear, let him hear.
M Moreover he said to them, Consider what you hear. With whatever measure you deal out, you shall receive; and to
!5 you who are attentive more shall be given. For to him who improveth, more shall be given ; but from him who improv- eth not, even what he hath shall be taken away.
!6 Again he said, The reign of God is as when a man sow-
17 eth seed on the ground. Whether he sleepeth or waketh, night and day, the seed groweth and increaseth, he knoweth not
18 how. For the earth of itself produceth first a blade, then an !9 ear, then full grains in the ear. And when the grain is ripe,
he forthwith applieth the sickle, because the harvest is come. 10 Again he said, To what may we compare the reign of ;1 God? Or by what similitude may we represent it? It is like
a grain of mustard seed, which, when it is sown in the ground, >2 is one of the very smallest seeds there : but, being sown, it
springeth up and becometh larger than all plants of the pulse
kind, and shooteth out large branches, so that under its shade
the birds of the air can find shelter.
13 And with many such parables he spake the word to them
14 as they were able to hear it: but without a parable he did not speak to them. And in private he explained all to his disciples.
15 And the same day, in the evening, he saith to them. Let
16 us cross over to the other side. So, leaving the multitude, they take him along with them as he was on board. And
'" there were some other small vessels with him. And there arose a violent storm of wind, and the waves beat into the
38 vessel, so that it would soon be full. Now he was in the stem, asleep on a pillow. And they awake him, and say, Teacher,
39 carest thou not that we perish ? Thereupon he arose and rebuked the wind, and said to the sea, Peace, be still. And the
40 wind ceased, and there was a great calm. Then he said to them,
41 Why are you so much afraid. How is it that you have not faith ? And they were exceedingly terrified, and said one to another, Who in reality is this, that even the wind and the sea obey him?
V. And when they arrived at the other side, in the country
2 of the Gaderenes, just as he was stepping out of the vessel, there met him a man coming out from among the tombs, with
3 an unclean spirit, who made his abode in the tombs, and
4 whom no one could confine—no, not even with chains. For he had often been bound with fetters and chains; but he burst the chains and broke in pieces the fetters, so that none could
5 tame him. And he was continually, night and day, on the mountains and in the tombs, screaming, and cutting himself
6 with stones. But upon seeing Jesus at a distance, he ran, and
7 prostrating himself, cried with a loud voice, saying, What hast thou to do with me, Jesus, son of the most high God"?
8 I conjure thee by God not to torment me? For he had said to
9 him, Go out of the man, thou unclean spirit. Then he asked him, What is thy name? And he answered, saying, My name
10 is Legion; for we are many, and earnestly intreated him not to
11 send them out of that country. Now there was there on the
12 mountains, a great herd of swine feeding, and all the demons besought him, saying, Send us to the swine that we may enter
13 into them. And Jesus immediately permitted them. Whereupon the unclean spirits, having gone out, entered into the swine, and the herd rushed down a precipice into the sea, (now they were about two thousand) and were drowned in the
14 sea. And they who fed the swine fled, and told the news in town and country. And the people came out to see what had happened.
15 And when they came to Jesus and saw the demoniac—him who had the legion, sitting, and clothed, and in his right mind,
16 they were terrified. And when the eye witnesses told them
17 what was done to the demoniac, and respecting the swine,
they began to intreat him to withdraw from their territories.
18 Ami as he was going on board the vessel the late demoniac be-
19 sought him that he might go with him. But Jesus did not permit him, but saith to him, Go home to thy friends, and tell
20 them what the Lord hath done for thee, and hath had compassion on thee. So he departed, and began to proclaim in Deca- polis all that Jesus had done for him. And they were all amazed.
21 And when Jesus had repassed in the vessel to the other side, a great multitude gathered about him, and he continued
22 by the sea side. And behold there cometh to him one of the rulers of the synagogue, whose name was Jairus, who, upon seeing him, falleth at his feet and intreateth him earnestly,
23 saying, My little daughter is at the point of death, prav come and lay thy hands on her that she may be cured, and
24 she will live. So Jesus went with him, followed by a great mul-
25 titude which pressed about him. And a certain woman, who had been twelve years afflicted with an issue of blood, and who
26 had suffered much under many physicians, and spent all that she had, and instead of being any thing the better, rather
27 grew worse, having heard of Jesus, came behind him, in the
28 crowd, and touched his mantle. For she said, If I can but
29 touch his clothes, I shall be cured. And instantly the source of her disorder was dried up, and she felt in her body that she
30 was cured of that disorder. Thereupon Jesus conscious of the power which had gone forth from him, turning about imme-
"1 diately, in the crowd, said, Who touched my clothes? Upon
which his disciples said to him, Thou seest how the crowd
- throng thee, and dost thou say, Who touched me ? Still he
^3 looked round to see her who had done this, when the woman, knowing what had been done for her, came trembling with fear, and prostrating herself before him, told him the whole truth.
H Whereupon he said to her, Daughter, thy faith hath cured thee. Go in peace, and continue cured of that disorder of thine.
55 Now while he was speaking, messengers came from the ruler's house, who said, Thy daughter is dead, why troublest
56 thou the teacher any further? Upon hearing this message delivered, Jesus immediately saith to the ruler of the synagogue,
57 Benot afraid. Only believe. Then he permitted none to accompany him, but Peter and James, and John the brother of James.
38 And coming to the house of the ruler of the synagogue, and seeing a tumultuous crowd weeping and wailing immoderatc-
39 ly, he saith to them, as he was going in, Why make ye this
40 ado, and weep? The child is not dead, but asleep. Upon which they derided him. But he, having put them all out, taketh with him the father and mother of the child, and them who accompanied him, and goeth into the room where the child was laid.
41 And, taking hold of the child's hand, he saith to her, "Talitha- cumi," the meaning of which is, damsel, I say to thee, Arise.
42 And immediately the damsel arose and walked about; for she was twelve years old. Upon which they were struck with great
43 astonishment. Then he strictly charged them that none should know this, and ordered something to be given her to eat.
VI. Having left that place, he went to his own country,
2 and his disciples accompany him, and on the sabbath day he began to teach in the synagogue. And many who heard were astonished, and said, Whence hath this man these things? And, What wisdom is this which is given him, that such mi-
3 racles are done by his hands? Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, and the brother of James, and Joses, and Judas, and Simon? And are not his sisters here with us? So they were
4 stumbled at him. Upon which Jesus said to them, A prophet is not without honour, save in his own country, and among
5 his kindred, and in his own family. So he could not perform any miracle there, save that he laid his hands on a few sick persons and healed them. And he expressed wonder at their unbelief.
6 When he was going round the neighbouring villages, teach-
7 ing, he callcth to him the twelve, and began to send them
8 forth, by two and two, and gave them power over the unclean spirits; and ordered them to take nothing for the journey, but
9 only a staft'—no scrip, no bread, no money in their purse;
10 but to l^e shod with sandals; and not to put on two coats. And he said to them, Wherever you enter a house, continue there
11 till you leave that place. And whosoever will not receive you, nor hearken to you, when you depart thence shake off the dirt which is under your feet, as a testimony against them. Verily I say to you, the condition of Sodom and Gomorra will be more tolerable in a day of vengeance, than the condition of
12 that city. So they went forth and proclaimed, that men should
13 reform. And they cast out many demons, and anointed with oil many who were sick, and healed them.
14 Now when king Herod heard of him, (for his name was become famous) he said, John the baptizer is risen from the dead, and therefore these miracles are performed by him.
15 Some said, It is Elias; and others said, It is a prophet, or a
16 person like one of the prophets. But when Herod heard rof him, he said, This is John, whom I beheaded. He is risen from
17 the dead. For Herod had sent and apprehended John, and confined him in prison, on account of Herodias, his brother Phi-
18 lip's wife, whom he had married. For John had said to Herod,
19 It is not lawful for thee to have thy brother's wife. Therefore Herodias was enraged at him, and wished to kill him, but
20 could not; for Herod revered John, knowing him to be a righteous and holy man; and he protected him, and did many
21 things by his advice, and heard him with pleasure: At length a favourable opportunity occurred. When Herod, on his birth day, made an entertainment for the great officers of his court
22 and army, and the chiefs of Galilee, and the daughter of this same Herodias came in and danced, and pleased Herod and his guests, the king said to the damsel, Ask of me what thou wilt,
23 and I will give it thee: nay, he swore to her, Whatever thou shalt ask of me, I will give, even to the half of my kingdom.
24 Upon this she went out and said to her mother, What shall I
25 ask? And she said, The head of John the baptist. So coming in immediately with all haste to the king, she made her request, saying, I desire thee to give me forthwith, in a basin, the head
26 of John the baptist. Though the king was much grieved, yet from a regard to his oaths, and his guests, he would not refuse
27 her. So the king immediately despatched a sentinel with or-
28 ders to bring the head of the baptist. And he went and beheaded him in the prison, and brought his head in a basin, and gave it to the damsel: and the damsel gave it to her mo-
29 ther. And when his disciples heard this, they went and took up his body, and laid it in a sepulchre.
30 Now the apostles come together again to Jesus, and when they had given him a full account both of what they had done,
31 and what they had taught, he said to them, Come by yourselves privately, to a solitary place, and rest yourselves a little while. For there were so many coming and going that they
32 had not leisure even to eat. So they went away by themselves,
33 in the vessel, to a solitary place. And the multitudes saw them going, and many knew the place, and ran thither by land, ir. crowds, from all the cities, and got there before them, and as-
34 sembled to meet him. When Jesus landed and saw a great multitude, he had compassion on them, because they were like sheep which have no sTiepherd; and he began to teach them
35 many things. And the day being now far spent, his disciples
36 came to him and said, This is a desert place, and the day is now far spent, Dismiss them, that they may go to the neighbouring farms and villages, and buy themselves bread, for
37 they have nothing to eat. And he in reply, said to them, Supply them ye yourselves. Thereupon they say to him, Must we go and buy bread to the amount of two hundred deniars* for
38 them to eat. He saith to them, How many loaves have you? Go and see. And having examined, they say, Five, and two
39 fishes. Then he ordered them to make all the people place
40 themselves as at table on the grass, in several companies. Accordingly they arranged themselves in rows, by hundreds and
41 by vfifties. Then he took the five loaves and the two fishes, and having looked up to heaven, he pronounced a blessing. Then he broke the loaves, and gave to his disciples to set be-
42 fore them, and distributed the two fishes among them all. And when they had all eaten, and were satisfied, there were carried
43 away twelve panniers full of the fragments, and the remains of
44 the fishes. Now they who had eaten of the loaves were about five thousand men.
45 Immediately after this, he constrained his disciples to embark, and go before him to the other side, to Bethsaida; whik
46 he dismissed the people. And when he had sent them away,
47 he retired to the mountain to pray. And in the course of the evening the vessel was in the midst of the sea, and he all alone
48 on the land. And he saw them toiling at the oar; for the wind
*See Matt. 20. 2.
was contrary. And about the fourth watch of the night,* he goeth to them, walking on the sea, and seemed inclined to
49 pass them. But they, seeing him walking on the sea, thought it was an apparition, and uttered a loud scream. For they all
50 saw him, and were terrified. Whereupon he immediately spoke to them, saying, Take courage : it is I; be not afraid;
51 and went on board to them. And the wind ceased. At which
52 they were still more excessively astonished and expressed admiration. For they had not come to a right understanding by the loaves. For their understanding was callous.
53 And having crossed over, they came to the region of Ge-
54 nesaret, and put into port. And on their going out of the vessel the people knew him. And, running through the whole
55 country around, they began to bring the sick on beds, to every
56 place where they heard he was. And wherever he entered towns, or cities, or villages, they laid the sick in the streets, and begged that they might but touch the tuft of his mantle. And as many as touched were cured.
VII. Then the Pharisees, and some of the Scribes who had
2 come from Jerusalem, resort to him in a body, and seeing some of his disciples eating bread with unclean, that is with
3 unwashen hands, they found fault. For the Pharisees, and all the Jews, holding the doctrine of the elders, do not eat with-
4 out washing the hands with the doubled fist: and if they come from the market they do not eat without dipping them. And there are many other usages which they have adopted, such as the dipping of cups, and pots, and brass vessels, and couch-
5 es. Therefore the Pharisees and the Scribes ask him, Why do not thy disciples walk according to the doctrines of the
6 elders, but eat bread with unwashen hands ? "In reply to which he said to them, Well did Esaias prophesy concerning you, hypocrites; as it is written, " This people honour me with
7 their lips, but their heart is far from me. And in vain do they worship me, teaching doctrines, the commands of men.f
8 For laying aside the commandment of God, you adhere to the doctrine of men—the dipping of cups, and drinking vessels,
*Between three and six o'clock in the morning. |Es. 29.13, 6. VOL. IV. K
9 and many other things, of the like nature. Indeed said he to them, You fairly annul the commandment of God to make
10 room for this doctrine of yours. For Moses said, " Honour thy father and thy mother;*" and, " Let him who curseth
11 father or mother be put to death.f" But you say, "If a man say to his father, or to his mother, Let that be Corban, (that
J.2 is to say dedicated,) by which tliou mightest be benefit ted by me;" do not then permit him any more to do any thing for hisfatlier
13 or his mother ;" thus annulling the word of God, by this doctrine of yours, which you have handed down. And thus you act in many other instances.
14 Then having called to him the whole multitude he said
15 to them, Hearken to me, all of you, and understand. There is nothing from without, which by entering into a man can defile him; but the things which proceed from within him,
16 are those which defile a man. If any one hath ears to hear, let him hear.
17 And when he withdrew from the multitude into a house,
18 his disciples asked him concerning this parable. Whereupon he saith to them, Are you also so void of understanding ? Do you not perceive that nothing which entereth into a man from
19 without can defile him; because it doth not enter into the heart; but into the belly, and the ofiscouring of all meats pass-
20 eth out into the sink ? But, said he, it is that which cometh
21 out of a man, which defileth him. For from within, out of the heart of man, proceed those evil surmises, adulteries, forni-
22 cations, murders, thefts, inordinate desires, malice, fraud, sen-
23 suality, envy, detraction, pride, foolishness. All these are the evil things which come from within, and defile the man.
24 Then he arose and went from that place to the confines of Tyre and Sidon. And having entered the house he desired
25 that none should know. But he could not be concealed. For a woman, whose little daughter had an unclean spirit, having
26 heard of him, came and fell at his feet (now the woman was a Greek, a native of Syro-phoenicia) and intreated him to expel
27 the demon out of her daughter. But Jesus said to her, Let the
* Ex. 21.16. fLev- 20. 9.
28 children first be satisfied; for it is not seemly to take the children's bread and cast it to the dogs. To which she, in reply, said to him, True, sir; but still the dogs under the table eat
29 the children's crumbs. Thereupon he said to her, For this saying, Go home. The demon is gone out of thy daughter.
30 So, going home, she found the demon was gone out, and her daughter lying on the bed.
31 Then, quitting the confines of Tyre and Sidon, he came again to the sea of Galilee, along the borders of Decapolis.
32 And they bring to him a man who was deaf, and had an im-
33 pediment in his speech, and beseech him to lay his hands on him. Whereupon he taketh him apart from the multitude, and put his fingers in his ears, and he spat, and touched his
34 tongue; Then, looking up to heaven, he sighed, and said,
35 Ephpha-tha, that is, Be opened. And immediately his cars were opened, and his tongue loosed, and he spake distinctly.
36 Though he commanded them not to tell any one, yet the more he enjoined them the more abundantly they proclaimed
37 .his miracles. And being struck with inexpressible amazement, said, He hath done all things well, he maketh the deaf hear, and the dumb speak.
VIII. In those days the multitude being very great, and having nothing to eat, Jesus called his disciples to him, and saith
2 to them, I have compassion on the multitude, because they
3 have continued with me now three days and have nothing to eat; and if I send them home fasting, they will faint by the
4 way, for some of them have come from afar. Thereupon his disciples answered, Whence can they be supplied with bread
5 here in the wilderness? And he asked them, How many loaves have you? And they said, Seven. Then he ordered the multi-
6 tude to place themselves on the ground. And having taken the seven loaves, and given thanks, he brake, and gave to his disciples to distribute, and they distributed to the multitude.
7 And they had a few small fishes. So, when he had pronounced
8 a blessing, he ordered these also to be served up. And when they had eaten, and were satisfied, the fragments which remain.
9 ed were carried off in seven baskets. Now they who had eaten were about four thousand.
10 And when he had dismissed them he straightway embark-
ed with his disciples, and went to the district of Dalmanutha.
11 And the Pharisees came out and began to dispute with him;
12 and, in order to try him, desired of him a sign from heaven. Whereupon with a deep sigh, he saith, Why doth this generation demand a sign? Verily I say to you, There shall be no
13 sign given to this generation. So, leaving them, he embarked
14 again, and went to the other side. Now his disciples had forgotten to take in bread, and they had only one loaf with them
15 in the vessel. And he gave them a charge, saying, Take heed; beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the leaven of He-
16 rod. Thereupon they reasoned among themselves, saying, It
17 is because we have not bread. Jesus, perceiving this, saith to them, Why do you imagine that it is because you have not
18 bread? Are you yet so void of sense and understanding? Have you hearts still callous? Having eyes do you not see? And having ears do you not hear? And have you no memory?
19 When I brake the five loaves for the five thousand, how many
20 panniers full of fragments did you carry off? They say to him, Twelve. And when I brake the seven loaves for the four thousand, how many baskets full of fragments did you carry off?
21 They said, Seven. Then he said to them, How is it that you do not understand?
22 Then he cometh to Bethsaida, and they bring a blind man
23 to him, and intreat him to touch him. Thereupon taking the blind man by the hand, he led him out of the village; and after spitting on his eyes, he laid his hands on him, and asked him
24 if he seeth any thing? And he looking up, said, I see the men
25 like trees; walking about. Then he laid his hands on his eyes again, and made him look up. And his sight was restored, and
26 he saw them all clearly. Then he sent him to his house, saying, Neither go to the village, nor tell any one in the village.
27 Then Jesus went forth, with his disciples, to the villages of
28 Caesarea-philippi. And by the way he asked his disciples, saying, Who do men say that I am? And they answered, John the Baptist: but some say, Elias; and others say, One of the pro-
29 phets. Then he saith to them, And who do you say that I am?
30 Peter answering, saith to him, Thou art the Christ. Then he charged them to tell no one this concerning him, and began
1 to inform them that the son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected by the elders, and chief priests, and scribes,
2 and put to death, and afterthree days rise again. And he spake
3 this so plainly, that Peter, taking him aside, began to rebuke him. Whereupon, turning about and looking on his disciples, he rebuked Peter, saying, Get thee behind me, Satan! For thou hast thy mind bent, not on the things of God, but on the
4 thmgs of men. Then, having called to him the multitude, with his disciples, he said to them, Whosoever hath a mind to come under my guidance, let him deny himself, and take up
5 his cross, and follow me. For whosoever would save his life, shall lose it; but whoever sHall lose his life for the sake of me,
6 and the glad tidings, he shall save it. For what will it profit a
7 man, if he should gain the whole world, and forfeit his life? B Or what will not a man give as a ransom for his life? For
whoever shall be ashamed of me and of my words, in this adulterous and sinful generation, of him the son of man will be ashamed, when he cometh in the glory of his father, with his
X. holy angels. Then he said to them, Verily I say to you, There are some of those standing here, who shall not taste death till they see the reign of God come with power.
! Six days after this, Jesus taketh Peter, and James, and John, and leadeth them up, privately by themselves, to a high moun-
s tain, and was transfigured in their presence. And his raiment became glittering white like snow, to such a degree as no ful-
i ler on earth could whiten. And there appeared to them Elias
5 with Moses, who were conversing with Jesus. Whereupon Peter, addressing Jesus, said, Rabbi, It is well that we are here. Let us make three booths, one for thee, and one for Moses, and
) one for Elias. For he did not know what to say; for they were
i terrified. Then there came a cloud which overshadowed them, and from the cloud came a voice, saying, This is my Son, the
< Beloved; hearken to him. And instantly looking about, they
) saw no one any more, but only Jesus with them. And as they were coming down from the mountain, he strictly charged them not to tell anyone what they had seen, until the son of man
> is risen from the dead. This expression they laid hold on, questioning among themselves what this rising from the dead could 11 mean. Then they asked him, saying, Why do the Scribes say
12 that Elias must first come? In reply to which, he said to them, Elias indeed having come first, finisheth and beginneth all a- nevv, in a manner conformable to what is written of the son of man,
13 that he may sutler many things,and be treated with contempt. But I say to you, that Elias hath actually come; and they have done to him what they pleased, as it is written of him.
14 And as he was coming to his disciples, he saw a great crowd
15 about them, and the Scribes disputing with them. And all die people when they saw him, were instantly struck with awe,
16 and ran to salute him. Then he asked the Scribes, About
17 what are you disputing with them? And one of the multitude answering, said, O! Teacher, I brought to thee this my son,
18 who hath a dumb spirit. And whenever it seizeth him, it con- vulseth him; and he foameth, and grindeth his teeth, and is shrivelled up. I spoke indeed to thy disciples to cast it out,
19 but they could not. Thereupon Jesus, in reply to him, saith, O faithless generation! How long shall I be with you? How long
20 am Itoendure you! Bringhim to me. So he was brought to him. And soon as he saw Jesus, the spirit threw him into convul-
21 sions; and, falling on the ground, he rolled about and foamed. And Jesus asked his father, How long since this befel him?
22 And he said, From his childhood. And oft times it hath cast him into fire, and into waters to destroy him. But if thou canst
23 do any thing, have compassion on us and help us. Thereupon Jesus said to him, With regard to this canst thou believe? All
24 things are possible for him who believeth. Upon which the father of the child immediately cried out, and with tears said, I
25 do believe: Help, O sir, my unbelief. And when Jesus saw that the people were crowding upon him, he rebuked the unclean spirit, saying to it, Thou dumb and deaf spirit, I command thee; Go out of him; and enter no more into him; and the de-
26 mon having screamed, and severely fconvulsed him, went out.
27 And he was like one dead. So that many said, He is dead. But Jesus, taking him by the hand, raised him, and he stood up.
28 And when he went into a house, his disciples asked him pri-
29 vately, Why could not we cast it out? And he said to them,
This kind [of power*] can go forth by nothing but by prayer
and fasting, f 30 Having left that place, they travelled through Galilee, and
he did not desire that any should know; for he was teaching 51 his disciples. And he said to them, The son of man is about to
32 be delivered up into the hands of men, and they will put him to death. And being put to death, he will rise again on the third day. But they did not comprehend the meaning of this, and were afraid to ask him.
33 And when he came to Capernaum, and was in the house, he asked them. What was that, about which you were debat-
34 ing among yourselves on the road. And they were silent. For on the road they had debated among themselves, Who should
o5 be greatest. Then sitting down, he called the twelve, and saith
to them, If any one desireth to be first, let him be last of all,
36. and servant of all. Then having taken a child, he placed it in
37 the midst of them; and taking it in his arms, he said to them, Whosoever shall receive one of such children on my account, rcceiveth me; and whoever shall receive me, receiveth him who sent me.
38 Then John addressed him, saying, Teacher, we saw one who doth not accompany us, casting out demons in thy name,
39 and we forbade him, because he doth not accompany us. Whereupon Jesus said, Forbid him not, for there is no one who will do a miracle in my name, and be readily able to speak
W evil of me. For whoever is not against us is for us. For who-
41 soever shall give you a cup of water to drink on my account, because you belong to Christ, verily I say to you, He shall
12 not lose his reward. And whoever shall cause one of these little ones, who believe in me, to stumble, better were it for him, that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and he cast
ij into the sea. Therefore, if thy hand cause thee to fall, cut it off. It is better for thee to enter maimed into life, than having two hands, to go into hell, into the fire which is unextinguishable;
4 "Where their worm dieth not—and the fire is not extin-
* I have added the words [of power] for the sake of perspicuity. See Matt. 17. 29. Luke 6. 19. f Seech. 5. 30.
45 guished!*." And if thy foot cause thee to fall, cut it off, it b better for thee to enter lame into life, than, having two feet, to
46 be cast into hell, into the firewhich is unextinguishable; "where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not extinguished." And
47 if thine eye causeth thee to fall, pluck it out; it is better foi thee to enter one eyed into the kingdom of God, than having
48 two eyes,-to be cast into the hell of that fire; "where their worm
49 dieth not, and the fire is not extinguished." For every one is to be salted for fire, as every sacrifice is to be salted with salt.
50 Salt is good; but if the salt become saltless, with what can you season it? Have salt in yourselves, and maintain peace with one another.
X. Having departed thence, he cometh to the borders of Ju- dea, through the plain of the Jordan. And multitudes again re-
2 sort to him, and he, as usual, again taught them. And the Pharisees came, and with a view to try him, asked him, Is it law.
3 ful for a man to put away his wife. Whereupon he, in reply,
4 said to them, What hath Moses commanded you? And they said, Moses permitted to write a bill of divorce and to put
5 away. In answer to this, Jesus said to them, Because of your
6 intractable disposition, Moses wrote this precept for you. Bin from the beginning of the creation God made them a male and
7 a female. For this cause a man is to leave his father and mother and cleave to his wife. And they two shall be one flesh.
8 So that they are no longer two, but one flesh. Therefore what
9 God hath conjoined, let not man separate. And when he was
10 in the house, his disciples asked him again concerning this
11 matter. Whereupon he saith to them, Whosoever shall put away his wife, and marry another, committeth adultery against her.
12 And if a woman put away her husband, and marry another, she committeth adultery.
13 Then children were brought to him, that he might touch
14 them; and his disciples rebuked those who brought them. But Jesus, observing this, expressed displeasure, and said to them, Suffer the children to come to me, and do not hinder the;
15 for of such is the kingdom of God. Verlily I say to you, Who-
Esaias 66. 24.
soever will not, like a child, receive the kingdom of God, he
16 shall in no wise enter it. Then, having taken them in his arms, he laid his hands on them, and blessed them.
17 And as he was setting out on his journey, one came running, and kneeling down before him, asked him, Good teacher, what shall I do that I may inherit an everlasting life?
18 Thereupon Jesus said to him, Why callest thou me good?
19 There is none good but God only. Thou knowest the commandments—thou shall not commit adultery—thou shalt not commit murder—thou shalt not steal—thou shalt not bear
20 false testimony—thou shalt not defraud—honour thy father
21 and thy mother. He answering, said to him, Teacher, All these I have observed from my childhood. Then Jesus, looking stedfastly on him, loved him, and said to him, One thing is wanting to thee. Go sell what thou hast, and give to the
22 poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven. Then come, and having taken up the cross, follow me. At this word, he was grieved and went away sorrowful, for he had great posses-
23 sions. Thereupon Jesus, looking round, saith to his disciples, How difficult it is for them who have riches to enter into the
24 kingdom of God! At these words of his, his disciples being astonished, Jesus, addressing them again, saith, Children, How difficult a thing it is for them who trust in riches to enter
25 into the kingdom of God. It is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the
26 kingdom of God. At this they were still more astonished, and
27 said among themselves, Who then can be saved? Whereupon Jesus, looking stedfastly on them, saith, With men it is impossible, but not with God. For with God all things are
28 possible. Upon this Peter took occasion to say to him, Be-
29 hold we have forsaken all and followed thec. In reply to this, Jesus said, Verily I say to you, There is none who hath left house, or brothers, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or
30 children, or fields, for the sake of me and the glad tidings, who shall not now, even in the present time, receive an hundred fold compensation for houses, and brothers, and sisters, and mothers, and children, and fields, as well as for persecu-
VOL. IV. I
31 tions* and in the age to come, everlasting life. But many whe are first, shall be last, and the last, first.
32 When they were on the way up to Jerusalem, and Jesus was walking before them, they were seized with a horror, and followed him with fear. Whereupon1 Jesus, again taking the twelve aside, took occasion to tell them what would soon be-
33 fal him. Behold, said he, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the son of man will be delivered up to the chief priests, and
34 the Scribes; and they will condemn him to death, and deliver him up to the Gentiles, who will insult him, and scourge him, and spit upon him, and put him to death; and on the third day he will rise again.
35 When James 'and John, the sons of Zebedee, accosted him, saying, Teacher, we desire that thou wouldst do for us
36 what we are going to ask; thereupon he said to them, What
37 do you desire me to do for you? And they said to him, Grant us, that one of us may sit on thy right hand, and the other on
38 thy left, in thy glory. Thereupon Jesus said to them, You do not know what you are asking. Can you drink the cup which I am aboutto drink, and be baptized with the baptism with which
39 I am about to be baptized? They said to him, We can. Then Jesus said to them, You shall indeed drink the cup which I am
40 about to drink, and be baptized with the baptism, with which I am about to be baptized; but to sit on my right hand and on my left, is not mine to give, except to those for whom his
41 prepared. Now the ten, when they heard this, began to express
42 indignation in respect to James and John; but Jesus, having called them to him, said to them, You know that the rulers of the nations exercise lordship over them; and their grandees exercise authority over them; but it shall not be so among
13 you. But whoever would be great among you, let him be your
44 attendant: and whoever of you would be first, let him be the
45 servant of all. For the son of man did not come to be waited on, but to serve; and to give his life as a ransom for many,
46 Then they proceeded on to Jericho, and as he was going out of Jericho, with his disciples and a great multitude, blind Bartimeus, son of Timeus, was sitting by the way side, beg-
*See Luke 11. 7.
7 ging. And when he heard that it is Jesus, the Nazafene, he began to cry aloud, and say, Jesus, son of David, have pity on
8 me. And many rebuked him, that he should hold his peace;
9 but he cried the louder, Son of David, have pity on me. There -
0 upon Jesus, stopping, ordered him to be called. So they call the blind man, Saying to him, Take courage; arise; he calleth
1 thee. Upon which, throwing aside his mantle, he sprang up and came to Jesus. And Jesus, addressing him, said, What dost thou desire me to do for thee. Aud the blind man said to him,
;2 Rabboni, that I may again receive sight: Thereupon Jesus said to him, Go thy way. Thy faith hath cured thee. And instantly he recovered his sight, and followed Jesus in the way.
"£I. And when they approach Jerusalem, being come as far as Bethphage and Bethany, near the mount of olives, he sendeth
2 two of his disciples, and saith to them, Go to that village over against you, and just as you enter it, you will find a colt tied,
3 on which no man ever rode. Loose it, and bring it. And if any one say, Why do ye this? Say, The master hath need of
-4 it, and will quickly send it back hither. So they went, and
5 found the colt tied before the door, at a place where two ways met. And as they were loosing it, some of the people standing there, said to them, What do you mean by untying the colt?
G And they answered them as Jesus had ordered; upon which
7 they let them go. So they brought the colt to Jesus; and when
8 they had laid their mantles thereon, he sat upon it. And many spread their mantles on the way; 'and others cut sprigs from
9 the trees, and strewed them in the way. And they who went before, and they who followed, cried, saying, Hosanna! Bless-
10 ed he who is coming in the name of the Lord ! Blessed the approaching reign of our father David! that coming in the name of the Lord, Hosanna, in the highest!
11 So Jesus entered Jerusalem, and into the temple, and when he had taken a survey of all, as it was now evening, he
12 went out to Bethany with the twelve. And on the morrow, as they were coming out from Bethany, he was hungry, and
13 seeing a fig tree at a distance, full of leaves, he went to see if he could find any fruit on it (for the time to gather figs was
14 not come) but going to it he found nothing but leaves. Thereupon Jesus said to it, Henceforth let no one ever eat fruit of thee. And his disciples heard.
15 Then they came to Jerusalem, and Jesus, having entered the temple, began with turning out them who were buying and selling in the temple. And he overturned the tables of the mo-
16 ney changers, and the stalls of them who sold doves, and suffered no one to carry a vessel through the temple. And he
17 taught, saying, Is it not written, " My house shall be called a house of prayer for all the nations;*" but you have made it a den
18 of robbers. When the Scribes, and the chief priests heard this, they sought how to destroy him, for they were afraid of him, because all the people were astonished at his doctrine.
19 Now, when evening was come, he went out of the city.
20 And next morning, as they were passing by; they saw the fig
21 tree dried up from the roots. Whereupon Peter, recollecting, saith to him, Rabbi, Behold the fig tree which thou cursedst, is
22 quite dried up. In reply to which, Jesus saith to them, Have
23 faith in God. For verily I say to you, If one should say to that mountain, Be thou lifted up and cast into the sea; and have no doubt in his mind, but believe that what he saith cometh to pass; whatever he may command shall be done for him.
24 Therefore I say to you, What things soever you ask when you pray, believe that you will receive, and you shall have them.
25 But when you stand praying, if you have any ground of complaint against any one, forgive him; that your father who is in
26 heaven may forgive you your trespasses. For if you do not forgive, neither will your father, who is in heaven, forgive you your trespasses.
27 Then they come again to Jerusalem; and as he was walking in the temple, the chief priests, and the Scribes, and the elders,
28 come to him, and say to him, By what authority doest thou these things? And, Who hath given thee authority that thou
29 shouldst do such things? And Jesus, answering, said to them, I also will ask you one question. Answer me; and I will tell
30 you by what authority I do these things. Was the baptism of
31 John from heaven or of men? Answer me. Upon this they reasoned amongthemselves, saying, If we say, From heaven; he will
32 say, Why then did you not believe him? But if we say, From
* Es. 56. 7.
men; they feared the people; for all held John to be really a 33 prophet. So they in reply; say to Jesus, We cannot tell. There-
upon Jesus answering, saith to them, Neither do I tell you by
what authority I do these things. XII. Then he addressed them in parables, saying, A man
planted a vineyard, and hedged it about, and dug a wine lake,
and built a tower, and let it to tenants, and went to a distant
2 country. And at the vintage season he sent a servant to the tenants, that he might receive from them some of the fruit of
3 the vineyard. But they, having seized him, beat him, and sent
4 him away empty. Again he sent to them another servant; and him they attacked with stones, and wounded on the head, and
5 sent back with disgrace. Again he sent another, whom they killed; and many others, some of whom they beat, and some
6 they killed. Therefore, at last, having an only son, his belov-
7 ed, he sent him also to them, saying, They will reverence mv son. But the tenants said among themselves, This is the heir.
8 Come; let us kill him; and the inheritance will be our own. So having seized him, they killed him, and threw him out of the
9 vineyard. What therefore will the owner of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy these tenants, and give the vineyard
10 to others. Have you never read this portion of scripture, "The stone which the builders rejected, was the very one for the
11 head of the corner. This [salvation] was from the Lord, and is wonderful in our eyes.*"
12 Upon this they sought to lay hold of him, but were afraid of the people. For they knew that he had spoken the parable
13 against them. So they left him and went away, and send to him some of the Pharisees, and the Herodians,t to entrap him
11 with a speech. And when they came, they say to him, Teacher, we know that thou art true, and carest for no man. For thou respectest not the person of men, but teachest the way of God with truth. Is it lawful to pay tribute to Cassar? Or is it not?
15 Should we give? Or should we not give? But he, knowing their
16 hypocrisy, said to them, Why do ye try me? Bring me a deni- ar,| that I may see it. So they brought him one. Then he saith
*Ps. 118.22. fHerodians, partizans of Herod. fSee Matt. 18.28.
17 to them, Whose image and inscription is this? And they said, Cesar's. Then Jesus, answering, said to them, Render to Cas- sar the things which are Cesar's; and to God, the things which are God's. And they expressed admiration at him.
18 Then came to him the Sadducees, who say there is no re-
19 vival of the dead. And they asked him, saying, Teacher, Moses hath written for us, that if any one's brother die, and leave a \vifewithoutleavingchildren, his brother should take his wife
20 and raise up a seed for his brother. Now there were seven bro-
21 thers, and the first took a wife, and died without leaving issue.
22 Then the second took her, and died, and he left no issue. And the
23 same was the case with the third. Indeed the seven married her, but left no issue. Last of all, the woman also died. At the revival of the dead, therefore, when they rise again, whose wife
24 will she be? for she hath been wife to the seven. In reply to which, Jesus said to them, Are you not led into error because
25 of your not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God? For when the dead rise again, they neither marry nor are gi-
26 ven in marriage; but are as the angels in heaven. Now with respect to the dead, that they are raised, have you not read in the book of Moses, how God spake in the bush to him, saying, "I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaak, and
27 the God of Jacob.*" He is not the God of the dead; but the God of the living. You-are therefore led much astray.
28 Then one of the Scribes who had heard them disputing, and knew that he had answered them properly, coming up,
29 asked him, Which is the chief commandment of all? Whereupon Jesus answered, This is the chief of all the command-
30 ments—"Hear, O Israel, The Lord is our God: the Lord is one: and thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart,
31 and with all thy soul, and with all thine understanding, and with all thy strength.f" This is the first commandment. And the second, resembling it, is this—"Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.." There is no other commandment greater
32 than these. Upon this the Scribe said to him, right! Teacher! thou hast said truly that there is one God; and there is no other
* Ex. 3. 6. f Deut. 6. 4,5. J Lev. 19. 18.
33 besides him: and to love him with the whole heart, and with the whole understanding, and with the whole soul, and with the whole strength; and to love one's neighbour as himself, is more than all the burnt offerings and the sacrifices. Whereupon
34 Jesus observing that he had answered discreetly, said to him, Thou art not far from the kingdom of God. And, after that, no one ventured to ask him any questions.
35 Then Jesus, in the course of his teaching in the temple, said, How do the Scribes say,That theChrist is the son of David? For
36 David himself, by the Holy Spirit, said, "The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand until I make thine enemies thy
37 footstool.*" If David then calleth him Lord, how is he his son?
38 As the great multitude heard him with pleasure, he said to them in his manner of teaching, Beware of the Scribes, who are fond of walking in long robes, and of salutations in public
39 places of resort, and of the principal scats in the synagogues,
40 and the uppermost places at entertainments—who devour the families of widows, and make long prayers for a disguise. Such shall receive greater condemnation.
41 As Jesus was sitting over against the treasury, he observed in what manner the multitude throw money into the trcasu-
42 ry. And many being rich, threw in a great deal. At length a poor widow came, and threw in two mites, which make a farthing. Thereupon Jesus, having called his disciples to him,
43 saith to them, Verily I say to you, This poor widow hath thrown in more than all those who have thrown into the trea-
44 sury. For they have all contributed out of their superfluous store; but she, out of what she wanted for herself, hath thrown in all that she had—her whole living.
XIII. And as he was going out of the temple, one of his dis-
2 ciples saith to him, Teacher, see! what huge stones and stately buildings! Whereupon Jesus answering, saith to him, Thou seest these great buildings? There shall not be left one stone on
3 another which shall not be demolished. And as he was sitting on the mount of olives, over against the temple, Peter, and
*Ps. 110. 1.
James, and John, and Andrew, asked him privately, Tell us,
4 when will these things happen? And what will be the sign of the impending accomplishment of all these things. Thereupon
5 Jesus, in answer to them, took occasion to say, Take heed that none seduce you: for many will come in my name, say-
7 ing, I am he; and will seduce many. Now when you shall hear of wars and rumours of wars, be not alarmed; for this must hap-
8 pen; but the end is not yet. For nation will rise against nation; and kingdom against kingdom. And there will be earthquakes in divers places. And there will be famines and com-
9 motions. These are the beginnings of sorrows. Now look to yourselves. For they will deliver you up to councils and synagogues. You will be scourged and brought before gover-
10 nors and kings, for my sake, to bear testimony to them. For the glad tidings must be first proclaimed to all the nations.
11 But when they bring you to deliver you up, be not solicitous beforehand what to say; nor premeditate; but whatever shall
12 be suggested to you on the occasion, speak that: for it is not you, who speak; but the Holy Spirit. Now brother will deliver up brother to death: and a father, a son: and children will rise up against parents, and cause them to be put to death:
13 and you will be hated by all men on account of my name. But he who persevereth to the end shall be saved.
14 Now when you see the abomination of desolation, which was spoken of by the prophet Daniel, erected where h
15 ought not ( Reader attend!) then let them who are in Judea flee to the mountains; and let not him who is on the house top
16 go down into the house, nor enter it to carry away any thing out of his house. And let not him who is in the field turn back
17 to take up his mantle. But alas! for the women who are with
18 child; and for them who give suck in those days. Pray there -
19 fore that your flight may not be in winter. For in those days there will be such distress as hath not happened from the beginning of the creation, which God created, till now; nor
20 ever shall be. And had not the Lord shortened those days, no flesh could escape. But for the sake of the chosen, whom he hath made choice of, he hath shortened those days.
21 Now, if at that time, any one say to you, Lo! the Christ is
22 here! or, Lo! he is there! believe it not. For false Christs and false prophets will rise up and give out* signs and wonders to
23 seduce, if possible, even the chosen ones. But be upon your
24 guard. Lo! I have foretold you all things. But in those days, after that distress, the sun will be darkened, and the moon will
25 withhold her splendour, and the stars of heaven will continue falling, and the powers which are in the heavens will be shak-
26 en. And then they shall see the son of man coming in clouds
27 with great power and glory. And then he will send his messengers and gather his chosen ones from the four winds— from the remotest part of the earth to the remotest part of heaven.
28 Now learn this parable from that fig tree: when its branch becometh tender and putteth forth leaves, you know that the
29 summer is near. So when you see these things happen, know
30 that he is near, at the door. Verily I say to you, This generation shall not pass away until all these things are accomplish-
31 ed. The heaven and the earth will fail, but my words shall not
32 fail. But with respect to the day, and the season, that none knoweth—neither the angels who are in heaven, nor the son—
33 none but the father. Look, watch and pray; for you do not
34 know when the time is. As when a man was going to travel, on leaving his family and assigning to his servants their
35 charge, even to even' one his work, he commanded the porter to watch; watch ye therefore; for you do not know when the master of the family cometh; whether in the evening, or at
36 midnight, or at cockcrowing, or in the morning, lest coming unexpectedly, he find you asleep. Now what I say to you, I say to all, Watch.
XIV. Now after two days was the passover, and the festival of unleavened bread. And the chief priests, and the Scribes were contriving how they might seize him by surprise, and
2 put him to death. And they said, Not at the festival; lest there
3 be a tumult among the people. And he being at Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, while he was at table a woman came with an alabaster phial of balsam—of pure unadulterat-
4 ed spikenard, which is very costly, and shaking the phial, she
*See Matt. 24. 24.
VOL. IV. M
poured out of it on his head. At which some expressed indig
5 nation, saying, Why is this waste of the balsam? For it might have been sold for more than three hundred deniars,* and
6 given to the poor. And as they were restraining her, Jesus said, Let her alone. Why do ye trouble her? She hath done a
7 good work for me. For you have the poor always with yoiij
8 and can, when you please, do them good; but me you have not always. She hath done what she could. She hath come
9 beforehand to anoint my body for its embalment. Verily I say to you, In whatever quarter of the world these glad tidings are proclaimed, what this woman hath done will be mentioned to her honour.
10 Upon this, Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, went to the
11 chief priests, in order to deliver him up to them. And when they heard, they rejoiced exceedingly, and promised to give him money. So he sought a favourable opportunity to deliver
12 And on the first day of the festival of unleavened bread, the day when the paschal lamb was to be killed, his disciples said to him, Where wouldst thou have us go and prepare for
13 thine eating the paschal lamb. Thereupon he despatched two of his disciples, saying to them, Go to the city, and you will
14 meet a man carrying a pitcher of water; follow him. And wherever he shall enter, say to the master of the house, The teacher saith, Where is the dining room in which I may cat
15 the passover with my disciples? And he will shew you a large upper room, ready furnished. Make preparation for us there.
16 So the disciples went, and came to the city, and found as he
17 had told them, and prepared the passover. And in the evening
18 he cometh with the twelve. And as they were at table, and eating, Jesus said, Verily I say to you, One of you, who is
19 eating with me, is to deliver me up. At this they began to be
20 sorrowful, and to say severally—one, Am I? And another, Am I? And he answering, said to them, It is one of the
21 twelve who is dipping with me in the dish. The son of man departeth indeed as it is written of him, but alas for thatmaji.
*See Matt. 18. 28.
by whom the son of man is delivered up. Good were it for ! that man, if he had never been born. And, as they were eating, Jesus having taken a loaf and pronounced a blessing, broke and gave to his disciples, and said, Take; eat; this is my body. i Then having taken the cup, and given thanks, he gave to them t and they all drank of it. Then he said to them, This is my > blood—that of the new covenant—that shed for many. Verily I say to you, I^will no more drink of the product of the vine, until the day when I shall drink it new in the kingdom of God.
And when they had sung a hymn, they went out to the
T mount of olives. And Jesus saith to them, This night you will
all be stumbled at me. For it is written, " I will smite the
8 shepherd and the sheep will be scattered.*" But after I am
3 risen, I will go before you to Galilee. Hereupon Peter said to
^) him, Though all should be stumbled, I will not. Jesus saith
to him, Verily I say to thee, This very night before a cock
1 crow twice, thou wilt three times deny me. But he with more vehemence said, Though I shouid die with thee, I will not deny thee. And all the rest said the same.
2 Then they come to a place called Gethsemane, and he saith
3 to his disciples, Stay here, till I pray. Then he taketh with him Peter, and James and John, and being seized with agonizing
4 horror and distress of mind, he saith to them, My soul is ex-
5 ceeding sorrowful even to death. Stay here and watch. Then having advanced a little further, he prostrated himself on the ground, and prayed, that if it were possible this hour might
6 pass from him. And he said, Abba, father, all things are possible to thee. Take away this cup from me. Nevertheless not
7 my will, but thine be done. Then he cometh and fmdeth them asleep, and saith to Peter, Simon, art thou asleep? Couldst
8 thou not watch one hour? Watch and pray, that you may not come to a trial. The spirit is indeed willing; but the flesh is
'9 weak. Then going away again, he prayed, using the same
£> words. And on returning, he found them again asleep. For
their eyes were weighed down, and they did not know what
*Zach. 13. T.
41 to answer him. Then he cometh the third time, and saith to them, Are you still asleep and taking rest? It is over. The
42 hour is come. Behold the son of man is delivered into the hands of sinners. Arise and let us go. Lo! he who dclivereth
43 me up is at hand. And immediately, while he was still speak- ing, Judas, one of the twelve, cometh, and with him a great multitude, with swords and clubs, from the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders. *
44 Now he, who delivered him up, had given them a signal, saying, The person Avhom I will kiss, is he: seize him and
45 carry him away securely. So, when he came, having advanced directly up to Jesus, he saith, Rabbi, Rabbi, and kissed him.
46 Whereupon they laid their hands on him and held him. Then
47 one of them who stood by, having drawn his sword, smote
48 the servant of the chief priest, and cut off his ear. And Jesus addressing them, said, Are you come out as against
49 a robber, with swords and clubs, to take me? I was daily amongst you in the temple, teaching you, and you did not ar-
50 rest me. But the scriptures must be fulfilled. Then all forsook
51 him, and fled. But a certain youth followed him, having only
52 a sindon wrapped about his naked body; and the young men laid hold on him. Whereupon he let go the Sindon* and fled from them naked.
53 And when they brought Jesus to the chief priest; all the
54 chief priests, and the elders, and the Scribes, assembled with him. Now Peter had followed him, at a distance, quite into the court of the chief priest, and sat there with the attendants,
55 warming himself at the fire. And the chief priests and the whole Sanhedrim sought for evidence against Jesus, to put
56 him to death, but found it not. For many bore false witness
57 against him, but their testimonies did not agree. Then there
58 arose some who falsely testified against him, saying, We heard him say, I will destroy this temple made with hands,
59 and in three days build another not made with hands. But neither in this did their testimony agree.
60 Then the chief priest, standing up in the midst, asked Jc-
*See Matt. 27. 59.
1 sus, saying, Answerest thou nothing? What sayest thou to
61 what these testify against thee? But Jesus was silent, and made no reply. Then the chief priest interrogated him, and saith
62 to him, Art thou the Christ, the son of the Blessed ? Thereupon Jesus said, I am. And you shall see the son of man seated on the right hand of that power, and coming with the
63 clouds of heaven. Upon this, the chief priest rent his clothes,
64 and said, What farther need have we of witnesses"? You have
65 heard this blasphemy. What think ye? And they all adjudged him to be liable to death. Then some began to spit upon him, and to cover his face, and buffet him, and say to him, Prophesy: when the attendants smote him on the cheek with their open hands.
66 Now, Peter being in the court below, one of the maid ser-
67 vants of the chief priest cometh, and seeing Peter warming himself, having viewed him narrowly, she saith, Thou also
68 wast with Jesus, the Nazarene. Whereupon he denied, saying, I do not know, nor do I understand what thou sayst.
69 Then he went out into the portico, and a cock crowed. And the girl, seeing him again, began to say to the bye-standers,
70 That man is one of them. Hereupon he denied again. And a little while after, they who stood by, said to Peter, Thou art certainly one of them; for thou art a Galilean, and thy speech
71 sheweth it. Upon this, he began with imprecations and oaths
72 to say, I do not know the man of whom you speak. And a cock crowed a second time. Then Peter recollected what Jesus said to him, Before a cock crow twice, thou wilt three times deny me; and covering his head, he wept.
XV. And early in the morning, the chief priests, with the elders, and the Scribes, even the whole Sanhedrim, having consulted together, bound Jesus, and led him away, and delivered
2 him up to Pilate. And Pilate asked him, Thou art the king of
3 the Jews? And he in reply, said to him, It is as thou sayst. Then the chief priests accused him of many things; but he
4 made no answer. Then Pilate asked him again, saying, Answerest thou nothing? Observe how many things they testify
5 against thee. But Jesus still made no reply, so that Pilate was astonished.
5 Now at every festival he released to them any one prison-
7 er whom they desired. And there was one Barabbas confined with his fellow insurgents, who in their insurrection had com-
8 mitted murder. So when the people with a loud clamour, began . 9 to demand what was usually granted to them, Pilate addressing them, said, Is it your pleasure that I release to you the
10 king of the Jews? For he knew that out of envy the chief
11 priests had delivered him up. But the chief priests instigated the populace to desire that he would rather release to them
12 Barabbas. And when Pilate addressing them again, said, What then do you wish me to do with him whom you call
13 king of the Jews? They again cried, Crucify him. Then Pi-
14 late said to them, Why? What evil hath he done? But they
15 cried more vehemently, Crucify him. Thereupon Pilate willing to satisfy the populace, released Barabbas to them, and having scourged Jesus, delivered him up to be crucified.
16 Then the soldiers led him away to the court called the
17 Pretorium, and having assembled the whole cohort, they ar-
18 rayed him in purple, and platting a crown of thorns, they put it on his head, and began with saluting him, " Hail, king of
19 the Jews." Then they smote him on the head with a reed, and spat upon him, and bowing their knees, made obeisance
20 to him. And when they had mocked him they stripped him of the
21 purple, and put his own clothes on him, and led him out to crucify him. And they compel one Simon, a Cyrenian, who was comingfrom the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to
22 carry his cross. So they bring him to Golgotha (the meaning ,153 of which is, The place of a scull) and offered him myrrhed
*24 wine to drink. But he did not take it. And when they had crucified him, they divided his garments into parcels, casting lots on them, to decide what each should take.
25 Now it was the third hour* when they nailed him to the
26 cross: and the inscription of the charge against him, which
27 was written over him, was, The king of the Jews. And together with him they crucify two robbers, one on his right
28 hand and the other on his left. Thus was the scripture fulfilled which saith, " And he was numbered with transgres-
*The third hour, nine o'clock in the morning.
sors.*" And they who passed by kept reviling him, shaking their heads, and saying, Ah! thou destroyer of the temple; and rebuilder of it in three days, save thyself, and come down from the cross. And in like manner the chief priests, and the Scribes, jesting with one another, said, He saved others, Cannot he save himself? Let this Christ, this king of Israel, now come down from the cross that we may see and believe. Evert they who were crucified with him, reviled him.
33 But when the sixth hourf was come, there was darkness
34 over the whole land, until the ninth hour. And at the ninth hour, Jesus cried with aloud voice, saying, "Eloi, Eloi, Lama sabachtliani" which is, being interpreted, My God, my God,
35 Why hast thou forsaken me? Which, when some of the by-
36 standers heard, they said, Hark! he is calling Elias. Then one ran, and having filled a spunge with vinegar, and put it on a
37 reed, offered him drink, saying, Let alone; let us see whether
38 Elias cometh to take him down. Then Jesus, having uttered a loud cry, expired. Upon which the veil of the temple was rent in two, from top to bottom. And when the centurion
39 who stood opposite to him, saw that he cried thus, and expired, he said, This man was certainly a son of a God.
40 Now there were women looking on at a distance, among whom was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James
41 the younger, and of Joses, and Salome; (these had attended him when he was in Galilee, and ministered to him) and many
42 others who had come up with him to Jerusalem. And in the course of the evening, during preparation time (that is, the
43 cessation from labour which is usual before the sabbath,) came Joseph of Arimathea, arf honourable senator, who himself also was expecting the reign of God—(he had taken courage,
44 and gone in to Pilate and begged the body of Jesus: upon which Pilate expressed wonder if he could be dead, and call-
45 ing for the centurion, asked him, If he had been dead any time. And being informed by the centurion, he had granted the body
46 to Joseph)—and he, having bought a sindon, and taken Jesus down, wrapped him in the sindon and laid him in a sepulchre
*Esaias53. 12. fThe sixth hour, twelve o'clock, the ninth, three o'doclc, P. M.
47 which was hewn out of a rock, and rolled a stone on the door of the sepulchre. Now Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of loses, saw where he was laid.
XVI. So when the sabbath was over,* Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, bought spices, that
2 they might go and embalm him. And very early in the mom- ing of the first day of the week, they come to the sepulchre.
3 When the sun was rising; and just as they were saying to one
4 another, Who will roll away the stone for us from the door of the sepulchre, (for it was very large) upon looking up, they
5 see that the stone hath been rolled away. And going into the sepulchre, they saw a youth sitting on the right side, clothed
6 with a white robe, and they were terrified. Whereupon he said to them, Be not terrified. You are seeking Jesus, the Na-
7 zarene, who was crucified. He is risen. He is not here. Behold the place where they laid him. But go, tell his disciples, Peter in particular, that he goeth before you to Galilee. There
8 you shall see him, as he said to you. Thereupon, having coine out in haste, they ran from the sepulchre; but they were seized with such terror and consternation that they said nothing to any one, they were so frightened.
9 Now Jesus, having risen very early in the morning of the first day of the week, appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out
10 of whom he had cast seven demons. She went and told his at-
11 tendants who were mourning and weeping; but when they
12 heard that he is alive, and was seen by her, they did not believe. After that, he appeared in another form, to two of them
13 as they were walking into the country. Whereupon these
14 came and told the rest; bilt they did not believe them. At length he appeared to the eleven, when they were at table, and upbraided them for their incredulity and obstinacy, because
15 they did not believe them who had seen him after his resur-
16 rection. Then he said to them, Go to all the world, and pro- claim the glad tidings .to all mankind. He who believeth, and is baptized, shall be saved; but he who disbelieveth shall be
*That is, after the setting of the sun, at which time the Jewish sabbath ended.
17 condemned. Now these signs shall accompany them who believe—by my name they will expel demons; they will speak
18 with new tongues : they will take up serpents: though they drink deadly poison, it shall not hurt them : upon sick persons they will lay their hands, and they shall recoyer.
19 So after the Lord had spoken to them, he was taken up to heaven, and sat at the right hand of God; and they went forth and proclaimed the tidings every where, the Lord co-operating with them, and confirming the word with those concomitant signs.
VOL. IV. K